Traditionally held to be related to ὀστέον (ostéon, “bone”) and ὄστρεον (óstreon, “oyster”). Beekes considers it more likely to be Pre-Greek, which does not disclude a relation to ὄστρεον (óstreon).
- (5th BC Attic): IPA: /óstrakon/
- (1st BC Egyptian): IPA: /óstrakon/
- (4th AD Koine): IPA: /óstrakon/
- (10th AD Byzantine): IPA: /óstrakon/
- (15th AD Constantinopolitan): IPA: /óstɾakon/
- earthen vessel
- the hard shell of animals such as mollusks and turtles