ῥέθος

Ancient GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

Since the meaning "face, countenance", given as Aeolic by grammarians, is certain, we have to depart from this when explaining the word. Both an older Epic meaning "mouth" and "figure, body" seems possible (confront Latin ōs (mouth; face) and faciēs (figure; face)). An original meaning "nostril(s)" fits well, and the transition to "face, body" is unproblematic. The word has no convincing etymology. The lack of the ϝ- in Aeolic makes a connection with Sanskrit वर्धते (vardhate, to grow, thrive) difficult. Fraenkel's suggestion to connect ῥίς (rhís, nose, snout) and ῥέω (rhéō, to flow) is neither morphologically nor semantically convincing.

PronunciationEdit

 

NounEdit

ῥέθος (rhéthosn (genitive ῥέθεος); third declension

  1. (usually in the plural) limb, member
    Synonyms: κῶλον (kôlon), μέλος (mélos)
  2. (in the singular) face, countenance

InflectionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit