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JapaneseEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

/arukohoru//arukoːru/

Borrowed from Dutch alcohol,[1][2][3][4][5] initially borrowed and pronounced as アルコホル (arukohoru) with evidence of a phonetic kanji spelling as  () () () () () (arukohoru).[6] The medial /h/ appears to have fallen out due to a combination of historical kana orthography and related changes in pronunciation. Compare French alcool, Italian alcol, Portuguese álcool, where Romance languages also lost the medial /h/.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

アルコール (rōmaji arukōru)

  1. (organic chemistry) an alcohol
    Synonym: 酒精 (shusei)
  2. alcohol (intoxicating beverage)
    Synonym: (sake)
    • 1996 February 20 [Feb 15 1988], Adachi, Mitsuru, “テイク・オフ [Take Off]”, in SHORT PROGRAMショート・プログラム [SHORT PROGRAM], volume 1 (fiction), 25th edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 104:
      ビール ()むか?
      Bīru nomu ka?
      Want some beer?
      いや、アルコールはダメなんだ。
      Iya, arukōru wa dame nan da.
      No, I can’t really drink [alcoholic beverages].

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  5. 5.0 5.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  6. ^ 2003, Dokkyo University, Chika Tonegawa, Zeitlicher Hintergrund von japanischen Fremdwörtern, Edo-Zeit (“Chronological Background of Japanese Loanwords, Edo Period”, in German and Japanese, accessed 2018-11-06)