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パソコン (pasokon): a desktop PC.

EtymologyEdit

Abbreviated from パーソナルコンピューター (pāsonaru konpyūtā), itself a borrowing from English personal computer.[1][2][3][4]

This kind of abbreviation is very common in Japanese, taking one or two morae from the constituent parts of the term. Compare 短大 (tandai, two-year university, junior college, literally short + big), from 短期大学 (tanki daigaku, literally short-term university).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

パソコン (counter , rōmaji pasokon)

  1. (computing) Clipping of ナルコンピューター (pāsonaru konpyūtā, personal computer), a PC
    • 2002 March 9, Hotta, Yumi; Obata, Takeshi, “ためされるすみ [Isumi’s Endeavor]”, in ヒカルの碁 [Hikaru’s Go], volume 16 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Shueisha, ISBN 4-08-873232-4, page 67:
      オレはパソコン (かっ) () (あそ)んでるから  () (すみ) (くん) パソコンは?
      Ore wa pasokon de katte ni asonderu kara Isumi-kun pasokon wa?
      I like playing around on my PC. Do you like playing on PCs, Isumi-kun?

Usage notesEdit

This short form パソコン (pasokon) is much more commonly used than the long form パーソナルコンピューター (pāsonarukonpyūtā).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  5. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3