See also: and
U+677F, 板
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-677F

[U+677E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6780]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 75, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 木竹水 (DHE) or 難木竹水 (XDHE), four-corner 41947 or 42947, composition )

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 514, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14518
  • Dae Jaweon: page 902, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1172, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+677F

Chinese edit

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States
Chu slip and silk script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *praːnʔ) : semantic (tree) + phonetic (OC *panʔ, *pʰan).

Officially adopted as the simplified form of (etymology 2) in the Chinese Character Simplification Scheme (漢字簡化方案) in 1956.

Etymology 1 edit

trad.
simp. #

The same word as (OC *praːnʔ, “plank”). Cognate with Tibetan འཕར ('phar, panel; small plank) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • boin2/bain2 - vernacular (bain2 - Jieyang);
  • bang2 - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pan²¹⁴/
Harbin /pan²¹³/
Tianjin /pan¹³/
Jinan /pã²¹³/
Qingdao /pã⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /pan⁵³/
Xi'an /pã⁵³/
Xining /pã⁵³/
Yinchuan /pan⁵³/
Lanzhou /pɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /pan⁵¹/
Wuhan /pan⁴²/
Chengdu /pan⁵³/
Guiyang /pan⁴²/
Kunming /pã̠⁵³/
Nanjing /paŋ²¹²/
Hefei /pæ̃²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /pæ̃⁵³/
Pingyao /pɑŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /pæ̃⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /pe³⁵/
Suzhou /pe̞⁵¹/
Hangzhou /pẽ̞⁵³/
Wenzhou /pa³⁵/
Hui Shexian /pɛ³⁵/
Tunxi /puːə³¹/
Xiang Changsha /pan⁴¹/
Xiangtan /pan⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /pan²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /pan³¹/
Taoyuan /pɑn³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pan³⁵/
Nanning /pan³⁵/
Hong Kong /pan³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /pan⁵³/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /pɛiŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /paiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Teochew) /paŋ⁵³/
/põi⁵³/
Haikou (Hainanese) /ʔbaŋ²¹³/
/ʔbai²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (69)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Baxter paenX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pˠanX/
Pan
Wuyun
/pᵚanX/
Shao
Rongfen
/pɐnX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/paɨnX/
Li
Rong
/panX/
Wang
Li
/panX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/panX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bǎn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
baan2
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bǎn bǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ pænX › ‹ pænX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.pˁranʔ/ /*pˁranʔ/
English plank, board perverse

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 2953
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*praːnʔ/
Notes

Definitions edit

  1. plank; board
      ―  bǎn  ―  board; plank
    玻璃  ―  bōlí bǎn  ―  glass board
  2. blackboard
      ―  bǎnbào  ―  (please add an English translation of this usage example)
  3. sluggish; stiff; inflexible
      ―  dāibǎn  ―  sluggish
      ―  bǎn  ―  stuffy; old-fashioned and inflexible
  4. to harden; hardened
  5. (Internet) board (sub-unit of a larger BBS or imageboard)
  6. (music) clapper
  7. (music) beat; meter; rhythm (in music or Chinese opera)
      ―  xíngbǎn  ―  andante
      ―  sǎnbǎn  ―  sanban
  8. to look serious or displeased
  9. (literary or Southern Min) wooden coffin
  10. (Southern Min) ability; capability; talent
  11. (Suzhounese) to have to; must
    閒話 [Suzhounese, trad.]
    闲话 [Suzhounese, simp.]
    From: 1993, 蘇州方言詞典, page 19
    That voice must be his.
Compounds edit

Etymology 2 edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“used in 老闆”).
(This character is the simplified form of ).
Notes:

Etymology 3 edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“sample”).
(This character is a variant form of ).

References edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings edit

Compounds edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
いた
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(いた) (ita

  1. plank, board
  2. (cooking) Short for 俎板.
  3. (cooking) Short for 板前.
  4. (cooking) Short for 板場.
  5. (laundry) Short for 洗濯板.
  6. (Internet) board (sub-unit of a larger BBS or imageboard)

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN

Korean edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “Middle Korean readings, if any”)

Pronunciation edit

Hanja edit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 널빤지 (neolppanji pan))

  1. Hanja form? of (plank).

Compounds edit

See also edit

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: ván, bản, bửng, phản

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.