See also: and
U+677F, 板
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-677F

[U+677E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6780]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 75, +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 木竹水 (DHE) or X木竹水 (XDHE), four-corner 41947 or 42947, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 514, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14518
  • Dae Jaweon: page 902, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1172, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+677F

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States
Chu Slip and silk script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *praːnʔ): semantic (tree) + phonetic (OC *panʔ, *pʰan).

Officially adopted as the simplified form of (etymology 2) in the Chinese Character Simplification Scheme (漢字簡化方案) in 1956.

Etymology 1Edit

trad.
simp. #

The same word as (OC *praːnʔ, “plank”). Cognate with Tibetan འཕར ('phar, panel; small plank) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • boin2/bain2 - vernacular (bain2 - Jieyang);
  • bang2 - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /pan²¹⁴/
    Harbin /pan²¹³/
    Tianjin /pan¹³/
    Jinan /pã²¹³/
    Qingdao /pã⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /pan⁵³/
    Xi'an /pã⁵³/
    Xining /pã⁵³/
    Yinchuan /pan⁵³/
    Lanzhou /pɛ̃n⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /pan⁵¹/
    Wuhan /pan⁴²/
    Chengdu /pan⁵³/
    Guiyang /pan⁴²/
    Kunming /pã̠⁵³/
    Nanjing /paŋ²¹²/
    Hefei /pæ̃²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /pæ̃⁵³/
    Pingyao /pɑŋ⁵³/
    Hohhot /pæ̃⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /pe³⁵/
    Suzhou /pe̞⁵¹/
    Hangzhou /pẽ̞⁵³/
    Wenzhou /pa³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /pɛ³⁵/
    Tunxi /puːə³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /pan⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /pan⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /pan²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /pan³¹/
    Taoyuan /pɑn³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /pan³⁵/
    Nanning /pan³⁵/
    Hong Kong /pan³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pan⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pɛiŋ³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /paiŋ²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /paŋ⁵³/
    /põi⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbaŋ²¹³/
    /ʔbai²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (1)
    Final () (69)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /pˠanX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /pᵚanX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /pɐnX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /paɨnX/
    Li
    Rong
    /panX/
    Wang
    Li
    /panX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /panX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    bǎn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    baan2
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    bǎn bǎn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ pænX › ‹ pænX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.pˁranʔ/ /*pˁranʔ/
    English plank, board perverse

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 2953
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*praːnʔ/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. plank; board
        ―  bǎn  ―  board; plank
      玻璃  ―  bōlí bǎn  ―  glass board'
    2. blackboard
      /   ―  bǎnbào  ―  (please add an English translation of this example)
    3. sluggish; stiff; inflexible
        ―  dāibǎn  ―  sluggish
        ―  bǎn  ―  stuffy; old-fashioned and inflexible
    4. to harden; hardened
    5. (Internet) board (sub-unit of a larger BBS or imageboard)
    6. (music) clapper
    7. (music) beat; meter; rhythm (in music or Chinese opera)
    8. to look serious or displeased
    9. (literary or Min Nan) wooden coffin
    10. (Min Nan) ability; capability; talent

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“used in 老闆”).
    (This character, , is the simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    いた
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (いた) (ita

    1. plank, board
    2. (cooking) Short for 俎板.
    3. (cooking) Short for 板前.
    4. (cooking) Short for 板場.
    5. (Internet) board (sub-unit of a larger BBS or imageboard)

    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 널빤지 (neolppanji pan))

    1. Hanja form? of (plank).

    CompoundsEdit

    See alsoEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: ván, bản, bửng, phản

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.