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U+5F0F, 式
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5F0F

[U+5F0E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5F10]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 56 +3, 6 strokes, cangjie input 戈心一 (IPM), four-corner 43100, composition)

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
ʔl'ɯːɡs
tɯːɡs
l̥ʰɯːɡs
l'ɯːɡs
l'ɯːɡs
l'ɯːɡs
l'ɯːɡs
l'ɯːɡs
l'ɯːɡs
l'ɯːɡs
l'ɯːs, *zlɯːs
hljɯɡs
hljɯɡs
l̥ʰɯːɡ
l̥ʰɯːɡ, *l'ɯːɡ
l'ɯːɡ
l̥ʰɯɡ, *hljɯɡ
l̥ʰɯɡ
l̥ʰɯɡ
hljɯɡ
hljɯɡ
hljɯɡ
hljɯɡ
hljɯɡ
lɯɡ
lɯɡ
lɯɡ
lɯɡ
lɯɡ
lɯɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljɯɡ): phonetic  (OC *lɯɡ) + semantic  (work).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • siak/sek - literary;
  • sit - vernacular.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂʐ̩⁵¹/
Harbin /ʂʐ̩⁵³/
Tianjin /ʂʐ̩⁵³/
Jinan /ʂʐ̩²¹/
Qingdao /ʃz̩⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩³¹²/
Xi'an /ʂʐ̩²¹/
Xining /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʂʐ̩¹³/
Ürümqi /ʂʐ̩²¹³/
Wuhan /sz̩³⁵/
Chengdu /sz̩¹³/
Guiyang /sz̩²¹³/
Kunming /ʂʐ̩²¹²/
Nanjing /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʂʐ̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /səʔ²/
Pingyao /ʂʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /səʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /səʔ⁵/
Suzhou /səʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /səʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /sei²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ɕiʔ²¹/
Tunxi /ɕi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /sɨʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /sət̚¹/
Taoyuan /ʃït̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sek̚⁵/
Nanning /sek̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /sik̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sik̚³²/
/sit̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /si²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tek̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (134)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕik̚/
Li
Rong
/ɕiək̚/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shi
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shì shì
Middle
Chinese
‹ syik › ‹ syik ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ək/ /*l̥ək/
English pattern to wipe

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14980
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljɯɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. law; moral standard; established practice
  2. example; model
  3. type; style; system; fashion; norm
  4. ceremony; ritual
  5. (mathematics, chemistry) formula
  6. (grammar) tense
  7. (grammar) mood; mode
    敘述 / 叙述  ―  xùshùshì  ―  indicative mood
  8. to follow the example of
  9. to set an example
  10. Alternative form of (shì, “to apply”).
  11. Alternative form of (shì, “to perform a kind of rites”).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana しき, rōmaji shiki)

  1. type, style
  2. formula
  3. ceremony, ritual, function

SuffixEdit

(hiragana しき, rōmaji -shiki)

  1. ceremony
  2. formula, expression
  3. style

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sik) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thức, sức)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.