See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
平-bw.png
Stroke order
平-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
平-bronze.svg 平-bigseal.svg 平-seal.svg

Han characterEdit

(radical 51 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一火十 (MFJ), four-corner 10409, composition)

  1. even, to level
  2. calm, peaceful, to pacify, pacified territory (used in place names of conquered lands)
  3. ordinary, common, mediocre, average

Derived charactersEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 339, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9167
  • Dae Jaweon: page 646, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 407, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5E73

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰiŋ³⁵/
Harbin /pʰiŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /pʰiŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /pʰiŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /pʰiŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰiŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /pʰiŋ²⁴/
Xining /pʰiə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /pʰiŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /pʰĩn⁵³/
Ürümqi /pʰiŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /pʰin²¹³/
Chengdu /pʰin³¹/
Guiyang /pʰin²¹/
Kunming /pʰĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /pʰin²⁴/
Hefei /pʰin⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /pʰiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /pʰĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /biŋ¹³/
Suzhou /bin¹³/
Hangzhou /bin²¹³/
Wenzhou /beŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /pʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /pʰɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /pin¹³/
Xiangtan /bin¹²/
Gan Nanchang /pʰiɑŋ²⁴/
/pʰin²⁴/ ~時
Hakka Meixian /pʰin¹¹/ 和~
/pʰiaŋ¹¹/ 唔~
Taoyuan /pʰiɑŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰeŋ²¹/
Nanning /pʰeŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /pʰiŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /piŋ³⁵/
/pĩ³⁵/ ~~路
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /piŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /peiŋ²¹/ 太~
/piaŋ³³/ ~均
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰeŋ⁵⁵/
/pẽ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /feŋ³¹/
/ʔbɛ³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (3)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/biᴇn/ /bʱi̯ɛn/ /biɛn/ /biɛn/ /bian/ /bĭɛn/ /bjæn/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (3)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɣiæŋ/ /bʱi̯ɐŋ/ /biɐŋ/ /bɯiaŋ/ /biajŋ/ /bĭɐŋ/ /biaŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
pián ‹ bjien › /*[b]en/ distinguish; punctiious
píng ‹ bjæng › /*breŋ/ even (adj.)
píng ‹ bjæng › /*m-breŋ/ make even

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9812 2 便 /*ben/
9818 0 /*beŋ/

AdjectiveEdit

  1. level, even, flat
  2. calm, peace, peaceful

CompoundsEdit

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​, number 95 of the Baijiaxing

Pronunciation 2Edit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰiŋ³⁵/
Harbin /pʰiŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /pʰiŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /pʰiŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /pʰiŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰiŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /pʰiŋ²⁴/
Xining /pʰiə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /pʰiŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /pʰĩn⁵³/
Ürümqi /pʰiŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /pʰin²¹³/
Chengdu /pʰin³¹/
Guiyang /pʰin²¹/
Kunming /pʰĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /pʰin²⁴/
Hefei /pʰin⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰiəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /pʰiŋ¹³/
Hohhot /pʰĩŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /biŋ¹³/
Suzhou /bin¹³/
Hangzhou /bin²¹³/
Wenzhou /beŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /pʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /pʰɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /pin¹³/
Xiangtan /bin¹²/
Gan Nanchang /pʰiɑŋ²⁴/
/pʰin²⁴/ ~時
Hakka Meixian /pʰin¹¹/ 和~
/pʰiaŋ¹¹/ 唔~
Taoyuan /pʰiɑŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pʰeŋ²¹/
Nanning /pʰeŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /pʰiŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /piŋ³⁵/
/pĩ³⁵/ ~~路
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /piŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /peiŋ²¹/ 太~
/piaŋ³³/ ~均
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰeŋ⁵⁵/
/pẽ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /feŋ³¹/
/ʔbɛ³¹/

AdjectiveEdit

  1. (Cantonese) cheap

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. even
  2. calm, peaceful
  3. ordinary, common, mediocre, average

CompoundsEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana たいら, romaji Taira, historical hiragana たひら)

  1. A surname​.
  2. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(pyeong, pyeon) (hangeul , , revised pyeong, pyeon, McCune-Reischauer p'yŏng, p'yŏn)

  1. (평평하다, pyeongpyeong-hada) to be flat, level, plane

Derived termsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(bình, bằng, bường, biền)

  • This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

CompoundsEdit

ReadingsEdit

  • Nôm: bình, bằng, bường

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu: Hán Việt Tự Điển, Hà Nội, 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm, NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Nom Foundation
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