|Kanji in this term|
Derived from classical verb 畏む (kashikomu), itself apparently a back-formation from 畏み (kashikomi), from the kashiko stem of adjective 畏い (kashikoi, “dreadful, terrible, awesome”) + nominalizing suffix み (mi, indicating appearance or state).
The meaning of the adjective evolved from dreadful to awesome to worthy of respect; compare the shades in meaning in English awful and awesome. The meaning of the verb kashikomaru similarly shifted from to be impressed by something as dreadful to to be impressed by something as worthy of deep respect.
- (humble) to understand, to acknowledge
- Hai, kashikomarimashita.
- Yes, sir/madam! (honorific response)
- to obey respectfully, comply
- to sit upright
- to be stiff or formal, to stand on ceremony