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U+754F, 畏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-754F

[U+754E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7550]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 102, +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 田一女 (WMV), four-corner 60732, composition𠄌丿(GJKV) or ⿱⿸⿱𠄌丿(HT))

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 760, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21778
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1170, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2532, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+754F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*quːl
*quːl
*quːl, *quːls
*quːl
*quːl
*quːl
*quːl
*quːl
*quːlʔ
*quːlʔ, *qulʔ
*quːlʔ
*quːlʔ, *qruːl
*quːlʔ
*qrols
*quls

Ideogrammic compound (會意).

In oracle bone script form, this character depicts a ghost () holding a stick. (Hsiao-ting Li)

The small seal glyph was analysed by Shuo Wen as a ghost head () with part of a tiger, including its claw.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ui3 - literary;
  • uin3 - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (21)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔʉiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔʷɨiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiuəiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔujH/
Li
Rong
/ʔiuəiH/
Wang
Li
/ĭwəiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔwe̯iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wèi
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wèi
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjwɨjH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔuj-s/
English fear (v.); threaten

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12939
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*quls/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. fear

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. fear
  2. majestic
  3. graciously
  4. be apprehensive

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (MC ʔʉiH).

The kan'on, so likely a later borrowing.

AffixEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji i)

  1. fear
  2. respect

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
かしこ
Grade: S
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see かしこ.
(This term, , is a kanji spelling of かしこ.)

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
かしく
Grade: S
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see かしく.
(This term, , is a kanji spelling of かしく.)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eum (oe))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: úy/, hoáy, hoay

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.