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hard; stiff; strong; firm
particle indicating the successful result of a verb; to touch; to come in contact with; to feel; to be affected by; to catch fire; to fall asleep; to burn; particle attached after verb to indicate action in progress, like ‑ing ending; to make known; to show; to prove; to write; book; outstanding; to wear (clothes); to contact; to use; to apply; catch; receive; suffer
scalp; dandruff
trad. (硬著頭皮) 頭皮
simp. (硬着头皮) 头皮




  1. to brace oneself to do something difficult or against one's will