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See also:
U+786C, 硬
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-786C

[U+786B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+786D]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 112 +7, 12 strokes, cangjie input 一口一中大 (MRMLK), four-corner 11646, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 831, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24230
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1247, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2432, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+786C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kraːŋ, *kraːŋs
*kraːŋ
*kraːŋ, *kraːŋʔ
*kraːŋ
*kraːŋ
*kraːŋʔ
*kraːŋʔ
*kraːŋʔ
*kraːŋʔ
*kraːŋʔ
*kraːŋʔ
*kraːŋʔ
*ŋɡraːŋs, *ŋɡraːŋs
*ŋɡraːŋs
*pqraŋʔ
*praŋʔ
*praŋʔ, *praŋs
*praŋʔ, *praŋs
*praŋʔ
*praŋʔ
*praŋʔ
*praŋʔ
*praŋʔ
*praŋʔ, *praŋs
*praŋs
*praŋs
*braŋs

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋɡraːŋs, *ŋɡraːŋs): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *kraːŋ, *kraːŋs).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ngī/ngǐ/ngēe/ngē - vernacular;
  • gēng/gěng - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /iŋ⁵¹/
    Harbin /iŋ⁵³/
    Tianjin /iŋ⁵³/
    Jinan /iŋ²¹/
    Qingdao /iŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /əŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /niŋ⁴⁴/
    Xining /ȵiə̃²¹³/
    Yinchuan /iŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /ȵĩn¹³/
    Ürümqi /ȵiŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /ŋən³⁵/
    Chengdu /ŋən¹³/
    Guiyang /ŋen²¹³/
    /in²¹³/ 新,少
    Kunming /ə̃²¹²/
    Nanjing /ən⁴⁴/
    Hefei /ʐən⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /niəŋ⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /ȵiŋ³⁵/
    /ȵie̞³⁵/
    Hohhot /nĩŋ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /ŋã²³/
    Suzhou /ŋã³¹/
    Hangzhou /ŋɑŋ¹³/
    Wenzhou /ŋiɛ²²/
    Hui Shexian /ŋʌ̃³²⁴/
    /ŋɛ²²/
    Tunxi /ȵiɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ŋən¹¹/
    Xiangtan /ŋən²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /ŋɑŋ²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /ŋaŋ⁵³/
    Taoyuan /ŋɑŋ⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /ŋaŋ²²/
    Nanning /ŋaŋ²²/
    Hong Kong /ŋaŋ²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /giŋ²²/
    /ŋi²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ŋaiŋ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ŋaiŋ⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋẽ³⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ŋɛ³³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (117)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋˠɛŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋᵚæŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋɐŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋəɨjŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋɛŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋæŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋæŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    èng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 880 881
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋɡraːŋs/ /*ŋɡraːŋs/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. hard
    2. stiff; inflexible; firm
    3. obstinately

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (gyeong) (hangeul , revised gyeong, McCune-Reischauer kyŏng, Yale kyeng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (ngạnh)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.