dandruff

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

The word is first attested in 1545; the first element is obscure, the second element derives from a Northumbrian or East Anglian term huff or hruff, hurf (scab), from Old Norse hrufa, from Proto-Germanic *hreubaz, *hreufaz (rough, scabby), source of Old English hrēofla (leprosy, leper). More at reef (etymology 2).

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈdændɹʌf/, /ˈdændɹʊf/

NounEdit

dandruff (usually uncountable, plural dandruffs)

  1. Scaly white dead skin flakes from the human scalp; Pityriasis capitis.
    Dandruff is on my collar again.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

dandruff (third-person singular simple present dandruffs, present participle dandruffing, simple past and past participle dandruffed)

  1. To fall or cover with white flakes, like dandruff.
    • 2014, Kaethe Schwehn, Tailings: A Memoir (page 82)
      The toaster is broken and salt is dandruffing my wool sweater.