Contents

ChineseEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 蛤蟆.
(This term, 蝦蟇, is a variant form of 蛤蟆.)

JapaneseEdit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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蝦蟇 (gama, gamagaeru): a Japanese common toad.

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
か > が
Jinmeiyō

Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

Appears to be from borrowing from Middle Chinese 蝦蟇 ‎(/ɣa ma/, toad, literally shrimp, prawn + toad).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

蝦蟇 ‎(hiragana がま, katakana ガマ, romaji gama)

  1. a toad
Usage notesEdit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as ガマ.

SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Hyōgaiji
Irregular

Appears to be a compound of ‎(gama, toad) +‎ ‎(kaeru, frog). The kaeru changes to gaeru as an instance of rendaku (連濁).. The kanji in this term are reversed as jukujikun (熟字訓) to match the Chinese spelling of the borrowed term gama (see above).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

蝦蟇 ‎(hiragana がまがえる, romaji gamagaeru, historical hiragana がまがへる)

  1. a toad

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
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