Open main menu

Wiktionary β

U+86D9, 蛙
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-86D9

[U+86D8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+86DA]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 142 +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 中戈土土 (LIGG), four-corner 54114, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1081, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32997
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1549, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2847, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+86D9

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kreː, *kreː
*ɡreː, *ɡreː, *ɡreː
*ŋreː, *ŋreːʔ
*kreː
*ɡreː, *kʷeː, *kʰʷeː
*ŋreː, *ŋre
*ŋreː, *ŋre
*ŋreː
*ŋreː
*ŋreː
*ŋreːs
*qreː
*qreː, *qʷraː, *kʷeː
*qreː, *qʷraː
*ɡeː, *kʷeː
*qeːns
*ɡʷraːʔ
*ɡʷraːʔ, *ɡʷreːs, *ɡʷeː
*ɡʷraːʔ, *qʰʷe
*qʷraː, *qʷreː
*qʷraː
*kʷreːs
*kʷreːs
*kʷreːs
詿 *kʷreːs, *ɡʷreːs
*kʷreːs, *ɡʷreːs, *kʷeːs
*kʰʷreː, *ɡʷreːs
*ɢʷreː, *qʷreː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː
*kʷeː, *ɡʷeː
*kʷeː, *kʰʷeː
*kʷeːs
*kʷeːs
*kʰʷeː
*kʰʷeː
*kʰʷeː
*kʰʷeː
*qʰʷeː
*ɡʷeː
*ɡʷeː, *sqʰʷe, *qʰʷe, *qʰʷi
*qʷeː, *kʰʷeːŋʔ
*kʰʷeʔ
*qʷes
*qʰʷreɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʷraː, *qʷreː): semantic  (insect; creature) + phonetic  (OC *kʷeː).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (34) (34)
Final () (32) (99)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠuɛ/ /ʔˠua/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔʷᵚæ/ /ʔʷᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔuæi/ /ʔua/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔwaɨj/ /ʔwaɨ/
Li
Rong
/ʔuɛ/ /ʔua/
Wang
Li
/wai/ /wa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔwai/ /ʔwa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔwɛ ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʷˤre/
English frog

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4552 4567
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʷraː/ /*qʷreː/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. frog

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 青蛙 (“frog”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 青蛙
Taxonomic name
Mandarin Beijing 蛤蟆田雞
Taiwan 青蛙田雞
Harbin 蛤蟆青乖子
Shenyang 蛤蟆青乖子
Jinan 蛤蟆田雞
Muping 蚧巴子張拉崴子張崴子
Luoyang 蛤蟆
Jiedian 水雞子
Xi'an 蛤蟆田雞
Xining 青蛙
Xuzhou 水雞兒
Yinchuan 田畝雞
Lanzhou 金蛤蟆長腿癩蛤蟆
Ürümqi 青蛙
Wuhan 蛤蟆綠蛤蟆田雞
Chengdu 蜞螞兒青蜞螞兒青蛙田雞
Guiyang 青蛙田雞
Liuzhou 蟆𧊅
Kunming 青蛙田雞
Yangzhou 田雞子田雞水雞子
Nanjing 田雞水雞蛤蟆青蛙
Hefei 蛤蟆田雞
Nantong 田雞
Cantonese Guangzhou 蛤乸蛤𧊅田雞
Hong Kong 蛤乸蛤𧊅田雞青蛙
Foshan 田雞
Dongguan 田雞
Hong Kong (Weitou) 蛤𧊅蛤乸
Taishan 田雞
Yangjiang 田雞
Xinyi 蛤乸蛤𧊅
Nanning 蛤乸
Kuala Lumpur 田雞青蛙
Gan Nanchang 蛤蟆田雞老蛤
Lichuan 蛤蟆
Pingxiang 鬼蛤蟆
Hakka Meixian 𧊅仔田雞蛤蟆
Changting 蛤蟆
Yudu 𧊅
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 𧊅仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 𧊅仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 𧊅仔
Dongshi (Dabu) 𧊅
Zhuolan (Raoping) 𧊅仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 𧊅子
Hong Kong 蛤蟆
Sabah 蛤蟆𧊅哩蛤𧊅
Senai 𧊅仔
Singkawang 𧊅
Huizhou Jixi 水雞田雞蛤蟆
Jin Taiyuan 蛤蟆
Xinzhou 蛤蟆
Hohhot 蛤蟆
Min Bei Jian'ou 田狗水雞
Min Dong Fuzhou 青蛤黃䱝水雞
Fuqing 青蛤黃䱝水雞
Matsu 黃䱝
Min Nan Xiamen 田蛤仔水雞
Quanzhou 埯魅坸仔水雞
Zhangzhou 田蛤仔水雞
Taipei 大肚仔魚水雞田蛤仔杜蝛仔
Kaohsiung 水雞四跤仔田蛤仔
Tainan 水雞四跤魚田蛤仔田僑
Taichung 水雞
Hsinchu 水雞
Lukang 水雞田蛤仔
Sanxia 水雞田蛤仔肚蛙
Yilan 水雞蛤仔
Kinmen 水雞
Magong 水雞
Penang 水雞
Chaozhou 蛤虯水雞
Haifeng 蛤蛄蛤虯
Johor Bahru 蛤虯
Haikou 田雞螻蛤
Leizhou 田雞
Puxian Min Putian 洋乜水雞
Xianyou 洋乜水雞
Pinghua Nanning 田雞
Guilin 蛤蟆
Wu Shanghai 田雞青蛙
Suzhou 田雞青蛙
Hangzhou 田雞
Wenzhou 蛤蟆蛤蟆牯田雞
Chongming 田雞
Danyang 田雞青蛙
Jinhua 田雞蟥蟆
Tangxi 田雞蛤蟆
Ningbo 田雞水雞
Xiang Changsha 蛤蟆蛤蟆子蟆𧊅水雞
Shuangfeng 蟆𧊅子
Loudi 蟆𧊅蟆𧊅子
Quanzhou 蟆𧊅

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
かえる
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

/kaheru/: [kaperu] → [kaɸeru] → [kaweru] → [kaeru]. The loss of the medial -w- is due to the following -e as Japanese ceased to distinguish between /e, we/.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かえる, rōmaji kaeru, historical hiragana かへる)

  1. frog

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
かわず
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

/kahazu/: [kapazu] → [kaɸazu] → [kawazu].

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かわず, rōmaji kawazu, historical hiragana かはづ)

  1. frog
Derived termsEdit
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(wa, wae) (hangeul , , revised wa, wae, McCune-Reischauer wa, wae, Yale wa, way)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(oa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.