Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 142 +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 中戈土土 (LIGG), four-corner 54114, composition)

  1. frog

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1081, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32997
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1549, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2847, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+86D9

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ua⁵⁵/
Harbin /ua²⁴/
Tianjin /vɑ²¹/
Jinan /va⁴²/
Qingdao /va²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ua²⁴/
Xi'an /ua²¹/
Xining /ua⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /va⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /va⁵³/
Ürümqi /va⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ua⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ua⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ua⁵⁵/
Kunming /ua̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /uɑ³¹/
Hefei /ua²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /va¹¹/
Pingyao /uɑ¹³/
Hohhot /va³¹/
Wu Shanghai /o⁵³/
Suzhou /o⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔuɑ³³/
Wenzhou /o³³/
Hui Shexian /ua³¹/
Tunxi /ua¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ua³³/
Xiangtan /uɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /uɑ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /va⁴⁴/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /wa⁵⁵/
Nanning /wa⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /wa⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ua⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ua⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ua⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ua³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ua²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (34)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɣuɛ/ /ʔwai/ /ʔuɛ/ /ʔʷɯæ/ /ʔwaɨj/ /wai/ /ʔuæi/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (34)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɣua/ /ʔwa/ /ʔua/ /ʔʷɯa/ /ʔwaɨ/ /wa/ /ʔua/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔwɛ › /*qʷˤre/ frog

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4552 0 /*qʷraː/ 見漢書即說文鼃
4567 0 /*qʷreː/ 見漢書即說文鼃

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
かえる
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

/kaheru/: [kaperu] → [kaɸeru] → [kaweru] → [kaeru]. The loss of the medial -w- is due to the following -e as Japanese ceased to distinguish between /e, we/.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Agalychnis callidryas.jpg

‎(hiragana かえる, romaji kaeru, historical hiragana かへる)

  1. frog

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
かわず
Hyōgaiji
kun'yomi

/kahazu/: [kapazu] → [kaɸazu] → [kawazu].

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana かわず, romaji kawazu, historical hiragana かはづ)

  1. frog
Derived termsEdit
CompoundsEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(wa, wae) (hangeul , , revised wa, wae, McCune-Reischauer wa, wae, Yale wa, way)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(oa)

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