Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 142 +9, 15 strokes, cangjie input 中戈口尸水 (LIRSE), four-corner 57147, composition)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1090, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33299
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1556, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2874, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8766

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location 蝦 (魚)
Mandarin Beijing /ɕia⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕia⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕiɑ²¹/
Jinan /ɕia²¹³/
Qingdao /ɕia²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ɕia²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕia²¹/
Xining /ɕia⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕia⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕia³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕia⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕia⁵⁵/
Chengdu /xa⁵⁵/
/ɕia⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕia⁵⁵/
/xa⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕia̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ɕiɑ³¹/
Hefei /ɕia²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕia¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕiɑ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕia³¹/
Wu Shanghai /hø⁵³/
/ho⁵³/
Suzhou /ho⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕiɑ³³/
Wenzhou /ho³³/
Hui Shexian /ɕia³¹/
/xa³¹/
Tunxi /xɔn²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ɕia³³/
/xa³³/
Xiangtan /hɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /hɑ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /ha¹¹/
Taoyuan /hɑ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ha⁵⁵/
Nanning /ha⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /ha⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ha³⁵/
/he³⁵/ 匣母
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ha⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xa³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /he⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hɛ³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣa/ /ɣa/ /ɣa/ /ɦɯa/ /ɦaɨ/ /ɣa/ /ɣa/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹  › /*[ɡ]ˤra/ hæ-mæ frog
xiā ‹  › /*[ɡ]ˤra/ shrimp

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5962 0 /*qʰraː/ 見楚辭九懷
5968 0 /*ɡraː/

NounEdit

  1. shrimp, prawn; lobster
    /   ―  máoxiā  ―  shrimp
    /   ―  míngxiā  ―  prawn
    /   ―  lóngxiā  ―  lobster
    /   ―  xiāpiàn  ―  prawn crackers

VerbEdit

  1. (Cantonese) to bully; to pick on

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. lobster, prawn, shrimp

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
えび
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana えび, katakana エビ, romaji ebi)

  1. lobster, prawn, shrimp

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ha) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ha, Yale ha)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

()

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