ChineseEdit

 
heavy; serious; to double
heavy; serious; to double; to repeat; repetition; iteration; again; a layer
power; force; strength
simp. and trad.
(重力)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

重力

  1. earth's gravity
  2. (by extension) gravity (of other celestial bodies)

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
じゅう
Grade: 3
りょく
Grade: 1
goon kan’on

EtymologyEdit

Initially from Middle Chinese 重力 (MC ɖɨoŋX lɨk̚, literally “considerable; heavy + force, power”).

The gravity sense was a repurposing of the older term (the considerable strength sense) as a calque of Dutch zwaartekracht[1][2] to translate Dutch works as part of Rangaku studies.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(じゅう)(りょく) (jūryoku (historical kana ぢゆうりよく)

  1. (physics) gravity, gravitational force[5]
    Synonym: 引力 (inryoku) (attraction, attractive force)
    • 2003 April 10, Amano, Kozue, “Navigation08 (ほし)(うた)(ごえ) [Navigation08 Chorus of the Planet]”, in ARIA(アリア) [ARIA], volume 2 (fiction), Tokyo: Mag Garden, →ISBN:
      そう (たしか)(つき)(じゅう)(りょく)地球(マンホーム)の⅙だったわよね 火星(アクア)(じゅう)(りょく)(ほん)(とう)地球(マンホーム)(やく)⅓の
      Sō tashika Tsuki no jūryoku wa Manhōmu no roku-bun no ichi datta wa yo ne Akua no jūryoku wa hontō wa Manhōmu no yaku san-bun no ichi
      So, if my memory serves, the Moon’s gravity is about ⅙ of Manhome’s. Aqua’s gravity, on the other hand, is roughly ⅓ of Manhome’s.
    • 2006 April 9, Watsuki, Nobuhiro, “()(ソウ)(レン)(キン)ピリオド [Armed Alchemy: The End]”, in ()(ソウ)(レン)(キン) [Armed Alchemy], volume 10, Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN:
      こちらからも()(むか)えに()かねばだが (いま)(じょう)(たい)ではその(やり)でこの(ほし)(じゅう)(りょく)()(やぶ)るのも()()(のう) そこでこれを使(つか)う 大戦斧(グレートアックス)()(ソウ)(レン)(キン)フェイタルアトラクション!(とく)(せい)は〝(じゅう)(りょく)(そう)()〟‼これでこの(ほし)(じゅう)(りょく)(いち)()(はん)(てん)させてお(まえ)()(ちゅう)()()げる
      Kochira kara mo demukae ni ikaneba da ga ima no jōtai de wa sono yari de kono hoshi no jūryoku o tsukiyaburu no mo fukanō Soko de kore o tsukau Gurēto Akkusu no Busō Renkin Feitaru Atorakushon! Tokusei wa〝Jūryoku Sōsa〟‼ Kore de kono hoshi no jūryoku no ichibu o hanten sasete o-mae o uchū e uchiageru
      You’ll have to get to them yourself. You won’t be able to escape the Moon’s gravity with this lance in your current condition, though. So we’ll use this. Great-Axe Armed Alchemy: Fatal Attraction! Special Ability: Gravity Control‼ With this, I can counteract part of the Moon’s gravity, enough to launch you into space.
  2. (rare) considerable strength or power[2][6]

DescendantsEdit

  • Chinese: 重力
  • Korean: 중력 (jungnyeok)
  • Vietnamese: trọng lực

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, 広辞苑 (Kōjien), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.
  6. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

重力

  1. Hán tự form of trọng lực (gravity, gravitational force).