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ChineseEdit

 
heavy; serious; to double; to repeat; repetition; iteration; again; a layer
power; force; strength
simp. and trad.
(重力)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

重力

  1. earth's gravity
  2. (by extension) gravity (of other celestial bodies)

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
じゅう
Grade: 3
りょく
Grade: 1
goon kan’on

EtymologyEdit

Initially from Middle Chinese 重力 (MC ɖɨoŋX lɨk̚, literally “considerable; heavy + force, power”).

The gravity sense was a repurposing of the older term (the considerable strength sense) as a calque of Dutch zwaartekracht[1][2] to translate Dutch works as part of Rangaku studies.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

重力 (hiragana じゅうりょく, rōmaji jūryoku, historical hiragana ぢゆうりよく)

  1. (physics) gravity, gravitational force[5]
    Synonym: 引力 (inryoku) (attraction, attractive force)
    • 2003 April 10, Amano, Kozue, “Navigation08 ほしうたごえ [Navigation08 Chorus of the Planet]”, in ARIAアリア [ARIA], volume 2 (fiction), Tokyo: Mag Garden, →ISBN:
      そう  (たしか) (つき) (じゅう) (りょく)地球 (マンホーム)の⅙だったわよね 火星 (アクア) (じゅう) (りょく) (ほん) (とう)地球 (マンホーム) (やく)⅓の
      Sō tashika Tsuki no jūryoku wa Manhōmu no roku-bun no ichi datta wa yo ne Akua no jūryoku wa hontō wa Manhōmu no yaku san-bun no ichi
      So, if my memory serves, the Moon’s gravity is about ⅙ of Manhome’s. Aqua’s gravity, on the other hand, is roughly ⅓ of Manhome’s.
    • 2006 April 9, Watsuki, Nobuhiro, “ソウレンキンピリオド [Armed Alchemy: The End]”, in ソウレンキン [Armed Alchemy], volume 10, Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN:
      こちらからも () (むか)えに ()かねばだが  (いま) (じょう) (たい)ではその (やり)でこの (ほし) (じゅう) (りょく) () (やぶ)るのも () () (のう) そこでこれを使 (つか)う 大戦斧 (グレートアックス) () (ソウ) (レン) (キン)フェイタルアトラクション! (とく) (せい)は〝 (じゅう) (りょく) (そう) ()〟‼これでこの (ほし) (じゅう) (りょく) (いち) () (はん) (てん)させてお (まえ) () (ちゅう) () ()げる
      Kochira kara mo demukae ni ikaneba da ga ima no jōtai de wa sono yari de kono hoshi no jūryoku o tsukiyaburu no mo fukanō Soko de kore o tsukau Gurēto Akkusu no Busō Renkin Feitaru Atorakushon! Tokusei wa〝Jūryoku Sōsa〟‼ Kore de kono hoshi no jūryoku no ichibu o hanten sasete o-mae o uchū e uchiageru
      You’ll have to get to them yourself. You won’t be able to escape the Moon’s gravity with this lance in your current condition, though. So we’ll use this. Great-Axe Armed Alchemy: Fatal Attraction! Special Ability: Gravity Control‼ With this, I can counteract part of the Moon’s gravity, enough to launch you into space.
  2. (rare) considerable strength or power[2][6]

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1998, 広辞苑 (Kōjien), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.
  6. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

NounEdit

重力

  1. Hán tự form of trọng lực (gravity, gravitational force).