See also: chūhàn
- (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [t͡ɕɨ˦ˀ˥ haːn˧˦]
- (Huế) IPA(key): [t͡ɕɨ˧˨ haːŋ˦˧˥]
- (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [cɨ˨˩˦ haːŋ˦˥]
- Chinese character(s), used to write Literary Chinese, which was the written language of government and scholarship in Vietnam until the early 20th century.