- KangXi: page 1330, character 11
- Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41219
- Dae Jaweon: page 1835, character 3
- Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4283, character 4
- Unihan data for U+9586
From 閻. After the retraction of the second round of simplification in Mainland China, some people have continued to use 闫 (yán) as their surname, but others have changed it to 阎, separating the two variants of the same surname into two different surnames.
- A surname.