Translingual edit

Etymology edit

Clipping of English English

Symbol edit

en

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-1 language code for English.

English edit

Etymology 1 edit

Abbreviation.

Pronunciation edit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɛn/, /ˈiː.ɛn/
  • (file)
  • (file)

Noun edit

en

  1. Abbreviation of English.

Etymology 2 edit

The name of the letter comes from Latin en. The typographic sense dates to 1793.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

en (plural ens)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter N.
    The ems and ens at the beginnings and ends.
    • 1773 October, The Monthly Review Or Literary Journal Enlarged:
      The word length, which contains only four sounds l e ng th, is usually spell'd thus, el ee en gee tee aitch.
    • 2004, Will Rogers, The Stonking Steps, page 170:
      I have drunk en-ee-cee-tee-ay-ar from the ef-ell-oh-doubleyou-ee-ar-ess in his gee-ay-ar-dee-ee-en many a time.
  2. (typography) A unit of measurement equal to half an em (half the height of the type in use).
Derived terms edit

(letter):

(typography, printing):

Translations edit
See also edit

Etymology 3 edit

From French.

Pronunciation edit

  • (imitating the French pronunciation) IPA(key): [ɑ̃], [õ]
  • (anglicised) IPA(key): /ɒn/, /ɑn/
  • (file)

Preposition edit

en

  1. Used in various phrases borrowed from French or formed as if borrowed from French (see "Derived terms" below).
Derived terms edit

Etymology 4 edit

From Old English hine.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

en

  1. (dialectal, Newfoundland) him
    • 1895, Thomas Hardy, A Pair of Blue Eyes[3], page 236:
      Such a strappen fine gentleman as he was, too. Yes, I rather like en sometimes.
  2. (dialectal, Newfoundland) it (when the thing being referred to is masculine)

Etymology 5 edit

Noun edit

en (plural ens)

  1. The name of the Cyrillic script letter Н / н.

Anagrams edit

Afar edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

én

  1. (intransitive) be, exist

Conjugation edit

    Conjugation of en (highly irregular)
1st singular 2nd singular 3rd singular 1st plural 2nd plural 3rd plural
m f
perfective V-affirmative enéh tenéh yenéh tenéh nenéh teneeníh yeneeníh
N-affirmative én tén yén tén nén tenén yenén
negative mánanniyo mánannito mánanna mánanna mánannino mánanniton mánannon
imperfective (I) V-affirmative aníh taníh yaníh taníh naníh taniiníh yaniiníh
N-affirmative án tán yán tán nán tanín yanín
negative máan mátan máyan mátan mánan mátanin máyanin
imperfective (II) V-affirmative aniyóh tanitóh yaníh taníh naninóh tanitoonúh yaniiníh
N-affirmative aniyó tanitó yán tán naninó tanitón yanín

References edit

  • E. M. Parker; R. J. Hayward (1985) An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN, page 283
  • Mohamed Hassan Kamil (2015) L’afar: description grammaticale d’une langue couchitique (Djibouti, Erythrée et Ethiopie)[4], Paris: Université Sorbonne Paris Cité (doctoral thesis)

Afrikaans edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch en.

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

en

  1. and
    Ek sit en drink koeldrankI sit and drink a cold drink.
  2. well
    En?well?

Ainu edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

en= (Kana spelling エン)

  1. me (first-person singular object pronoun)

See also edit

Alemannic German edit

Etymology edit

From Middle High German ein, from Old High German ein, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos. Cognate with German ein, German Low German en, ein, Dutch een, English one, Icelandic einn, Swedish en.

Pronunciation edit

Article edit

en

  1. (indefinite) a, an
    • 1835, Jakob Stutz, Gemälde aus dem Volksleben nach der Natur aufgenommen und treu dargestellt in gereimten Gesprächen Zürcherischer Mundart, first part, 2nd ed., pp. 27, 49, 97, 109:
      • Ih wött dih jetz nu duße möge-n-
        Auh noh en einzigs Wörtli fröge.
      • [...] as en einzigs Mol, [...]
      • Denn ist er si Lebtig e stills Büebli gsi.
      • Aber es wot e chüels Windli goh.
    • 1864, J. C. Ott, Rosen und Dornen. Gedichte und Gerichte, gewachsen auf Bernerboden, 1st small volume, 2nd ed., pp. 53, 57:
      • „„Nu, wenn i öppis by d'r gilte,““
        Seit Franz, – „„so mach en End myr Qual!
        [...]““
      • „[...]
        O, schenk-mer, Herr, es gnädig's End,
        Nimm uf my Geist i dyni Händ!“
    • 1864, J. C. Ott, Rosen und Dornen. Gedichte und Gerichte, gewachsen auf Bernerboden, 1st small volume, 2nd ed., pp. 43, 76, 106, 186:
      • E Mezgerbursch i syne schönste Jahre
        Mit rothe Backe, schwarze, chruse Haare,
        Chunt spät am Aabe ganz allei
        Vom Erlebacher-Märit hei.
      • Im Berner Alpeg'länd sitzt vor sym chlyne Hüsi
        [...]
        En alte Veteran vom Cheiserrych
        Na Dörflerg'wohnheit i d'r Gartenlaube.
      • [...] Da villicht en alte Jud, [...]
      • En Ehrebrecher isch sy Kamerad, [...]
    • Joh. Schönauer, Beschreibung miner Heimat, in: 1876, Volksthümliches aus dem Kanton Bern. Localsagen und Satzungen des Aberglaubens. Gesammelt von Heinrich Grunholzer durch seine Seminarzöglinge. Zusammengestellt und herausgegeben von J. E. Rothenbach. Separat-Abdruck aus der „Neuen Alpenpost“, p. 5:
      Vor zwei Jahra ist z' Höchstetta, das 20 Minuta vo Zäziwyl ist, emene Länder-Güterfuhrma der Waga verbrönnt worda.

Declension edit

Zürich:

Singular
Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative en e e (before a consonant)
en (before a vowel)
Dative eme ene eme
Accusative en e e (before a consonant)
en (before a vowel)

Bern:

Singular
Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative e (before a consonant)
en (before a vowel)
e (before a consonant)
en (before a vowel)
es (before a consonant)
Dative emene
Accusative e (before a consonant) e (before a consonant)
en (before a vowel)
es (before a consonant)
en (before a vowel)

Asturian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin in, from Proto-Italic *en, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én (in).

Preposition edit

en

  1. in
  2. (+ gerund) after
    En comiendo, voi marchar
    After eating, I'll leave

Usage notes edit

  • The preposition en contracts to n' before a word beginning with a vowel or h-: n'Asturies (in Asturias), n'honor (in honor)

Derived terms edit

Aukan edit

Etymology edit

From English and.

Noun edit

en

  1. and

Azerbaijani edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Turkic *ēn.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

en (definite accusative eni, plural enlər)

  1. width
    Synonym: genişlik

Declension edit

    Declension of en
singular plural
nominative en
enlər
definite accusative eni
enləri
dative enə
enlərə
locative endə
enlərdə
ablative endən
enlərdən
definite genitive enin
enlərin
    Possessive forms of en
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) enim enlərim
sənin (your) enin enlərin
onun (his/her/its) eni enləri
bizim (our) enimiz enlərimiz
sizin (your) eniniz enləriniz
onların (their) eni or enləri enləri
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) enimi enlərimi
sənin (your) enini enlərini
onun (his/her/its) enini enlərini
bizim (our) enimizi enlərimizi
sizin (your) eninizi enlərinizi
onların (their) enini or enlərini enlərini
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) enimə enlərimə
sənin (your) eninə enlərinə
onun (his/her/its) eninə enlərinə
bizim (our) enimizə enlərimizə
sizin (your) eninizə enlərinizə
onların (their) eninə or enlərinə enlərinə
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) enimdə enlərimdə
sənin (your) enində enlərində
onun (his/her/its) enində enlərində
bizim (our) enimizdə enlərimizdə
sizin (your) eninizdə enlərinizdə
onların (their) enində or enlərində enlərində
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) enimdən enlərimdən
sənin (your) enindən enlərindən
onun (his/her/its) enindən enlərindən
bizim (our) enimizdən enlərimizdən
sizin (your) eninizdən enlərinizdən
onların (their) enindən or enlərindən enlərindən
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) enimin enlərimin
sənin (your) eninin enlərinin
onun (his/her/its) eninin enlərinin
bizim (our) enimizin enlərimizin
sizin (your) eninizin enlərinizin
onların (their) eninin or enlərinin enlərinin

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Starostin, Sergei; Dybo, Anna; Mudrak, Oleg (2003), “*ēn”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  • en” in Obastan.com.

Breton edit

Contraction edit

en

  1. e (preposition "in") + un (indefinite article "a(n)")
  2. e (preposition "in") + an (definite article "the")

Catalan edit

Etymology 1 edit

From the final syllable of Latin domine (Mister).

Pronunciation edit

Article edit

en m sg (elided n', feminine na)

  1. (Eastern Catalan) Personal article used before masculine given names instead of the definite article el.
    En Pau i na Maria arribaran demà.
    Pau and Maria will be arriving tomorrow.
Usage notes edit
  • While this article (and its feminine counterpart na) is standard in Balearic Catalan, in other Eastern Catalan dialects its use is waning, and the elided of the definite article, l', is used before names beginning with vowels. There is no plural personal article, so the plural definite article els is used in all dialects.
Derived terms edit
  • can (contraction of ca and ne)

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin in (in, inside), from Proto-Italic *en, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én (in).

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

en

  1. in

Etymology 3 edit

Inherited from Latin inde (thence). Compare French en, Italian ne.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

en (proclitic, contracted n', enclitic ne, contracted enclitic 'n)

  1. Represents an indeterminate number or quantity of a given noun.
  2. Represents a place (associated with the action described by the verb) that would be introduced by the preposition de.
  3. Replaces a phrase introduced by the preposition de.
  4. Replaces the object of a causative verb.
Usage notes edit
  • en cannot be used more than once as the object of a given verb.
  • While en is usually used to replace phrases beginning with the preposition de, adverbial phrases (e.g., de pressa) are replaced with hi.
  • en is sometimes used instead of ho to replace an adjective or indefinite noun as the predicate of a verb.
  • en is sometimes used popularly to add emphasis to a sentence: in this sense, it has no translation in English.
  • en is the reinforced (reforçada) form of the pronoun. It is used before verbs beginning with a consonant.
Declension edit
See also edit

Further reading edit

Etymology 4 edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

en f (plural ens)

  1. (traditional) Alternative form of ena (the letter N)

Central Franconian edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old High German in.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

en

  1. (most dialects) in; into

Adverb edit

en

  1. (most dialects) in

Etymology 2 edit

From Old High German indi.

Alternative forms edit

  • on, un (predominant)

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

en

  1. (some western dialects) and

Etymology 3 edit

From Old High German ein.

Alternative forms edit

  • e (neuter and in some dialects masculine, before non-dental consonants)

Pronunciation edit

Article edit

en (indefinite)

  1. (most dialects) feminine nominative and accusative
  2. (most dialects) neuter nominative and accusative, used before vowels and alternatively before h and dental consonants
  3. (some dialects) masculine nominative, used before vowels and alternatively before h and dental consonants
  4. (some dialects) masculine accusative, used before vowels and alternatively before h and dental consonants

Etymology 4 edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

en (personal, reduced)

  1. (most dialects) him; masculine accusative
  2. (some dialects) he; masculine nominative
  3. (most dialects) them; plural dative

Chamorro edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

en

  1. ye, you (plural)

Usage notes edit

See also edit

References edit

  • Donald M. Topping (1973) Chamorro Reference Grammar[5], Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.

Chuukese edit

Pronoun edit

en

  1. Second-person singular pronoun; you

See also edit

Determiner edit

en (plural ekkan)

  1. this (not in possession of the speaker)

Cimbrian edit

Pronoun edit

en

  1. Alternative form of in (him)

Further reading edit

  • “en” in Martalar, Umberto Martello; Bellotto, Alfonso (1974) Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Sette Communi vicentini, 1st edition, Roana, Italy: Instituto di Cultura Cimbra A. Dal Pozzo

Crimean Tatar edit

Noun edit

en

  1. width

Czech edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

en n (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter N.

Further reading edit

  • en in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • en in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dalmatian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin in.

Preposition edit

en

  1. in

Related terms edit

Danish edit

Danish cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : en
    Ordinal : første

Etymology edit

From Old Norse einn, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz (one, some), from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (one).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /en/, [en], (stressed) [ˈeːˀn]

Article edit

en (neuter et)

  1. a, an

Numeral edit

en (neuter et)

  1. one

Pronoun edit

en or én (neuter et or ét, definite ene)

  1. one

Usage notes edit

  • Used as the oblique form of the generic pronoun man:[1]
    Hvis ens lærer behandler en uretfærdigt, kan man klage til skolens leder
    If one's teacher treats one unfairly, one can complain to the head of the school

References edit

  1. ^ Erik Hansen & Lars Hedtoft, Grammatik over det Danske Sprog (Odense 2011), vol. 2, 557.

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle Dutch ende, from Old Dutch ande, inde, from Proto-Germanic *andi, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂entí.

Conjunction edit

en

  1. and
    De oude man en de zee.The Old Man and the Sea.
  2. well, so
    En, hoe gaat het ermee?Well, how're you doing?
    En?Well?
    En, wat zou dat?So what?
  3. (mathematics) plus, and
    Drie en vier is zeven.Three plus four is seven.
Alternative forms edit
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Afrikaans: en
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: an
  • Jersey Dutch: en
  • Negerhollands: en, an
  • Petjo: en
  • Sranan Tongo: èn
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle Dutch ne, en, from Old Dutch ne, from Proto-Germanic *ne, from Proto-Indo-European *ne.

Adverb edit

en

  1. (colloquial or dialectal in Belgium, obsolete elsewhere) not (often with another negator, see usage notes)
    • 1544, "Van proper Janneken" (song 123), in Dieuwke E. van der Poel, Dirk Geirnaert, Hermina Joldersma, J.B. Oosterman & Louis Peter Grijp (eds.) Het Antwerps liedboek, vol. 1, Lannoo (publ. 2004), page 283.
      Schoon soete lief, waert u bequame / Dat ghi mi gaeft een troostelijc woort, / Ic en soude certeyn geen ander boelken kiesen, / Al sout mi oock aen mijn leven gaen.
      Beautiful sweet darling, if it were pleasing to you / that you gave me a word of consolation, / I would certainly choose no other girlfriend, / even if it were to put my life at risk.
    • 1632, Jacob Cats, Spiegel van den ouden ende nieuwen tijt, bestaende uyt spreeckwoorden ende sinspreucken, "Een rotten appel in de mande, maeckt oock het gave fruyt te schande.", in J. van Vloten (ed.), Alle de werken, vol. 1, 1862, page 649.
      Daer magh geen rotte peer in onse manden wesen, / En wat'er niet en deught, dat dient'er uyt gelesen;
      There should not be any rotten pear in our baskets, / and what is not of decent quality, that ought be taken out of it;
    • "Herr Halewyn", A.H. Hoffmann von Fallersleben, Horae Belgicae, page 41.
      ‘Uw zoon heer Halewyn is gaen jagen, / g’ en ziet hem weêr uw levens dagen.’
      'Your son Lord Halewyn has gone hunting / you won't see him again for the rest of your life.'
    • c. 1860, Guido Gezelle, Gij zegt dat 't vlaamsch te niet zal gaan:
      Gij zegt dat 't vlaamsch te niet zal gaan: / 't en zal! / dat 't waalsch gezwets zal boven slaan: / 't en zal!
      You say that Flemish will go extinct: / no, it won't! / That Walloon banter [i.e. Belgian French, not the Walloon language] will gain the upper hand: / No, it won't!
    ...dat aldaer binnen Utrecht niet meer geacht ende respecteert en wordt, ...that in Utrecht is no longer valued and respected...
  2. (obsolete) only, merely, no other than, none other than (together with maar)
Usage notes edit
  • In historical usage, en is always used directly before the finite verb. When used to negate it is commonly accompanied by another negator: gij en zult niet stelen (“thou shalt not steal”), en wat er niet en deugt (“and what is not of decent quality”), ik en zoude certein geen ander boelken kiezen (“I would certainly not choose another girlfriend”). Also when used as a stand-alone negator or when combined with maar, it still stands directly before the finite verb. Use of the particle does not trigger a change in the word order.
  • In Belgian Dutch it is still sometimes used in certain regional lects and in the tussentaal (informal registers influenced by both Standard Belgian Dutch and the regional lects). Details and frequency of use depend on what regional language variety influences a given speaker's idiom, as well as on the speaker's preferences.
    • In West Flemish usage broadly conforms to historical use: the negation particle may be used along with other negators, independentely or it may be omitted. It is also used as a stand-alone negator to contradict a previous statement that was phrased with positive polarity: Gij zegt dat 't Vlaams te niet zal gaan: / 't en zal! (“You say that Flemish will go extinct: / no, it won't!”)
    • In Belgian Brabantian it is frequently omitted, but it may also be used directly before another negator rather than before the finite verb: en niet.
  • In contemporary Netherlands Dutch the use of the particle is limited to old proverbs, such as wat baten kaars en bril als de uil niet zien en wil.

Anagrams edit

Esperanto edit

Etymology edit

Primarily from French en.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

en

  1. in, within, inside
    Ĝi estas en la domo.It is in (within, inside) the house.
  2. into (when followed by a noun or phrase in the accusative case)
    Li iras en la domon.He goes into the house.

Derived terms edit

Fala edit

Alternative forms edit

  • in (Valverdeñu)

Etymology edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese en, from Latin in (in), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én.

Preposition edit

en

  1. in
    • 2000, Domingo Frades Gaspar, Vamus a falal: Notas pâ coñocel y platical en nosa fala, Editora regional da Extremadura, Chapter 2: Númerus:
      Cumu to é custión de proporciós, sin que sirva de argumentu por nun fel falta, poemus vel que en a misma Europa hai Estaus Soberarius con menus territoriu que os tres lugaris nossus, cumu: []
      As everything is a matter of proportions, without its presence being an argument, we can see that even in Europe there are Sovereign States with less territory than our three places, such as: []

Usage notes edit

  • When followed by the articles u/o, a, us/os, as; it contracts to nu/no, na, nus/nos, nas respectively.
  • The form in is more common in Valverdeñu.

References edit

  • Valeš, Miroslav (2021) Diccionariu de A Fala: lagarteiru, mañegu, valverdeñu (web)[6], 2nd edition, Minde, Portugal: CIDLeS, published 2022, →ISBN

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈen/, [ˈe̞n]
  • Rhymes: -en
  • Syllabification(key): en

Verb edit

en

  1. first-person singular indicative of ei

Anagrams edit

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle French en, from Old French en, from Latin in, from Proto-Italic *en, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én (in).

Preposition edit

en

  1. in (used to indicate space, also see usage notes)
    J’habite en Angleterre.I live in England.
  2. to (indicates direction towards certain very large locations, see usage notes)
    Il est allé en France.He went to France.
  3. by (used to indicate means)
    aller en busgo by bus
    partir en voitureleave by car
  4. as
    Il me traite en ami.He treats me as a friend.
    habillé en père Noëldressed as Father Christmas
  5. at (used to describe an ability)
    fort en histoiregood at history
  6. of, made of (used to describe composition)
    une chaise en hêtrea chair made of beech/a beech chair
    une fourchette en métala fork made of metal/a metal fork
  7. in (during the following time (used for months and years))
    en 1993in 1993
    en janvierin January
    en septembre 2001in September 2001
  8. (followed by a gerund) while
  9. (followed by a gerund) by, in (describing a way of getting something)
    C’est en trichant qu’il est devenu champion.It was by cheating that he became champion.
  10. in (used to describe color)
    une photo en noir et blanca photo in black and white
  11. in (used to describe feelings)
    en détressein distress
  12. in (as part of something)
    en équipeon a team
Usage notes edit
  • En in the sense of while is often not translated into English.
  • When referring to location in countries, provinces, or similar subdivisions in sense 1 and direction in sense 2, en must be used when the name for that very large location is either a feminine singular noun or a vowel-initial masculine singular noun. If the name for the very large location is a consonant-initial masculine singular noun, au is used, while if the name of the very large location is plural, aux is used.
Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin inde (thence). Compare Catalan en, Italian ne.

Pronoun edit

en

  1. Used as the object of a verb to indicate an indefinite quantity; of it, of them. Replaces the partitive article (du, de la, etc.)
    Essaies-en !
    Try some (of it / them)!
    Tu as combien de livres ? J’en ai trois.
    How many books do you have? I have three (of them).
    Y a-t-il beaucoup de pièces ? Oui. Il y en a beaucoup.
    Are there many rooms? Yes, there are many (of them).
    Martin a trois sandwichs, mais j’en ai seulement deux.
    Martin has three sandwiches, but I have only two (of them).
    Il y en a combien ?
    How many of them are there?
    Je bois de l’alcool parce que j’en ai besoin
    I drink alcohol because I need it.
    • 1654, Blaise Pascal, Traité du triangle arithmétique :
      J'en donnerai ici la méthode, que je poursuivrai seulement en deux ou trois exemples, qui seront si aisés à continuer qu'il ne sera pas nécessaire d'en donner davantage.
      I shall give (of it) here the method that I shall pursue only in two or three examples, which will be so easy to continue that it will not be necessary to give more of them.
  2. Adverbial preposition indicating movement away from a place already mentioned; from there, from it. Replaces the phrase de là or d’ici.
    Est-ce qu’elle vient de Barcelone ? Oui, elle en vient.
    Does she come from Barcelona? Yes, she comes from there.
Related terms edit

Anagrams edit

Fula edit

Pronoun edit

en

  1. first person plural inclusive pronoun;short form we

Usage notes edit

See also edit

References edit

Galician edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Galician-Portuguese en, from Latin in, from Proto-Italic *en, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én (in).

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

en

  1. in
  2. when preceding a verb or a complement of a verb it can denote an unfinished or continued action:
    O Manuel vai na casaManuel went home (implying that eventually he'll be back)
    María beberrica no licorMaría is sipping the liquor
    • 1822, anonymous author, A Parola Polêteca:
      En escoitalo, señor tio Calacú, xà o peléxo do meu corpo tembra. Sei que á tanta agua que acarrexóu amolentoulle os miolos, é por eso louquéa
      While listening to you, my sir uncle Pumpkin, my body's skin trembles. Perhaps the much water you have carried softened you brain, and therefore you are going insane
    • 1853, Xosé Manuel Pintos, A Gaita Gallega:
      xa morder ti ben non podes
      con tal podrico nos dentes,
      inda no pan teño mentes
      seique non podes chanchar
      you can no longer aptly eat
      with such rottenness in you teeth,
      even bread, I think,
      probably you cannot gnaw [chanchar means "bite", but en preceding pan, "bread", implies a repeated action]
Usage notes edit
  • The preposition en contracts to n- before articles, before third-person tonic pronouns, and before the determiners algún and outro.
Derived terms edit
in/on + the table
- Singular Plural
Masculine no nos
Feminine na nas
in/on + indefinite article table
- Singular
a
Plural
some
Masculine nun nuns
Feminine nunha nunhas

Etymology 2 edit

Probably from Old Galician-Portuguese en, from Latin inde.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

en

  1. while; as soon as (followed by the gerund of a verb, expresses immediacy or simultaneity)
    En chegando mudas a roupa molladaAs soon as you arrive change your wet clothes
    • 1295, R. Lorenzo, editor, La traducción gallega de la Crónica General y de la Crónica de Castilla., Ourense: I. E. O. P. F, page 111:
      Et o conde, en chegando et ferindo logo ẽnos mouros, todo en hũu o fezo
      And the count, [just] arriving, and hurting promptly the Moors, all in one he did that
    • 1460, Rui Vasques, Corónica de Iria:
      en leendo perlos llibros algũus de canõicas antijgas, et preujlegios goticos dos santos catholicos et deuotos bispos de Yria et porla Escriptura, achey o fundamento para rreduzir aa memoria dos homes quanto durarõ çertas ydades
      [while/after] reading books, some of them of ancient canons, and Gothic privileges of the saint Catholic and devout bishops of Iria, and through the Bible, I found the foundation for reducing to the mind of men for how long some ages lasted
    • 1461, X. Ferro Couselo (ed.), A vida e a fala dos devanceiros. Escolma de documentos en galego dos séculos XIII ao XVI. 2 vols. Vigo: Galaxia, page 141:
      dito testigo en seendo moço pequeno con seu tyo Afonso Dominges, guardando o gaando en Curro do Moyño, que le dixera o dito Afonso Domingees "bees, por aquy se parte ho término do conde do de Juan d'Estúñiga
      said witness [while/when] being a young boy and together with his uncle Afonso Domínguez, watching the cattle in Curro do Muíño, he was told by said Afonso Domínguez: "you see, here the term of the count limits with that of Xoán de Estúñiga"
    • 1858, Francisco María de la Iglesia, O orfiño da arquiña:
      Que pan e insinanza
      Pardiola has de ter,
      Roupiña e oficio
      Para deprender;
      E ende sendo grande
      Si es home de ben,
      Na Seña Duquesa
      Madriña tamén
      Such bread and teaching
      By gosh you'll have!
      Clothes and office
      to learn;
      And them when you're big
      If you're a good man
      our Lady the Duchess
      will be also your protector

References edit

  • en” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • en” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • en” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • en” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

German Low German edit

Alternative forms edit

  • 'n, -'n
  • (in other dialects, including Low Prussian) een
  • (in some dialects) ein
  • (East Pomeranian) ain

Etymology edit

From Middle Low German ên, from Old Saxon ēn. Compare Dutch een, German ein, West Frisian ien, English one.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɛɪ̯n/, /ˈeːn/, /ˈæɪ̯n/, /ˈeːɪ̯n/

Article edit

en m or n (indefinite article)

  1. (in some dialects) a, an

Numeral edit

en

  1. (in some dialects, including Low Prussian) one (1)

See also edit

  • Dutch Low Saxon: een
  • Plautdietsch een, (cardinal number) eent

Haitian Creole edit

Etymology edit

From French un (one), from Latin ūnus (one).

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

en

  1. one

Synonyms edit

See also edit

Hunsrik edit

Pronunciation edit

Determiner edit

en (indefinite)

  1. a, an
    Sie sitze aan em runde Disch.
    They are sitting at a round table.

Pronoun edit

en

  1. unstressed accusative of er: him.

Inflection edit

Declension edit

Further reading edit

Icelandic edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse en. the comparative superior conjunction & the hesitational cunjunction have developed seperately into the same form. the comparative cunjunction is -an in the old language, -þan on runestone probably is related to -then, while the other form (hesitational) has formed from the augmentive.

Pronunciation edit

  This entry needs an audio pronunciation. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record this word. The recorded pronunciation will appear here when it's ready.

Adverb edit

en

  1. how
    Nei, Elín? En gaman að sjá þig!Elín? How good to see you!

Conjunction edit

en

  1. but
    Ég drekk kaffi en ég drekk ekki te.I drink coffee but I don't drink tea.
    Ég ætla að brauð en ekki mjólk.I'll have bread but not milk.
  2. than (with an adjective in the comparative)
    Ég er betri en bróðir minn.I'm better than my brother.
    Hún er skemmtilegri en ég.She is more fun than I am.
  3. (formal written language) used to join closely linked sentences, similar to a semicolon in English
    Rannsókn embættis sérstaks saksóknara á meintum innherjasvikum Baldurs Guðlaugssonar stóð yfir í rúmlega ár, en FME kærði málið með bréfi til embættisins hinn 9. júlí á síðasta ári.[1]
  4. conjunction similar to and
    Sonur hans hét Jón, en dóttir hans Ása.His son was named John and his daughter was named Ása.
    Veðrið var ekki gott framan af: rigning á fjallinu, en þoka í byggð.The weather was not good to begin with: rain in the mountains, and fog in the countryside.

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ “Baldur ákærður fyrir innherjasvik og brot í opinberu starfi”, in Vísir[1], accessed 25 April 2019, archived from the original on 2016-09-19

Ido edit

Etymology edit

From French en, Spanish en, from Latin in, inde from Proto-Indo-European *én (in).

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

en

  1. in

Indonesian edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch en.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

èn

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter N/n.

See also edit

Further reading edit

Ingrian edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

en

  1. first-person singular indicative of ei

References edit

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 29

Anagrams edit

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

en

  1. Rōmaji transcription of えん

Jersey Dutch edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Dutch een (a). Cognates include Afrikaans 'n.

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Article edit

en

  1. (indefinite article) Placed before a singular noun, indicating a general case of a person or thing: a, an.

Etymology 2 edit

From Dutch en. Cognates include Afrikaans en.

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

en

  1. and
    • 1912, Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsche taal— en letterkunde, volumes 31-32, page 309:
      Hai waz nît tevrêde täus en []
      He was not content at home and []

Kabuverdianu edit

Etymology edit

From Portuguese em.

Preposition edit

en

  1. in

Kott edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Yeniseian *ʔäń (˜x-) ("wave").

Noun edit

en (plural ēnaŋ)

  1. wave

Noun edit

en

  1. plural of ei

Kriol edit

Etymology edit

From English and.

Conjunction edit

en

  1. and

Ladino edit

Preposition edit

en (Latin spelling, Hebrew spellingאין⁩)

  1. in
    • 2000, David Altabé, “Ay koza triste en ser Sefaradi”, in Esther Benbassa, editor, Les Sépharades en littérature, page 164:
      En todas partes del mundo bivi,
      i pedasos de mi alma abandoni
      I've lived in all parts of the world,
      and abandoned pieces of my soul
    • 2014, Şeli GAON, “La solidaridad”, in Şalom Gazetesi[8]:
      Deke la solidaridad es emportante? Porke la solidaridad es lo djusto. Porke; todos bivimos en una sosyetad...
      Why is solidarity important? Because solidarity is what is right. Because we all live in a society...

Latin edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

ēn

  1. lookǃ beholdǃ (presenting something in a lively or indignant manner)
  2. reallyǃ? (surprise or anger in questions)
  3. come onǃ (exhortation to action in imperatives)

Etymology 2 edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

en f (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter N.
Usage notes edit
  • Multiple Latin names for the letter N, n have been suggested. The most common is en or a syllabic n, although there is some evidence which also supports, as names for the letter, , ən, , and even (in the fourth- or fifth-century first Antinoë papyrus, which gives Greek transliterations of the Latin names of the Roman alphabet’s letters) ιννε (inne).
Coordinate terms edit

References edit

  • en in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • en in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), especially pages 30–31, 42–44, and 63

Etymology 3 edit

Preposition edit

en

  1. Early Latin form of in (in)

Latvian edit

Pronunciation edit

(file)

Noun edit

en m (invariable)

  1. The Latvian name of the Latin script letter N/n.

See also edit

Leonese edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Latin in.

Preposition edit

en

  1. in

Usage notes edit

When followed by an article, en is combined with the next word to give the following combined forms:

References edit

Livvi edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

en

  1. first-person singular indicative of ei

References edit

  • N. Gilojeva; S. Rudakova (2009) Karjalan kielen Livvin murdehen algukursu [Beginners' course of Karelian language's Livvi dialect]‎[9] (in Livvi), Petrozavodsk, →ISBN, page 20
  • Olga Žarinova (2012) Pagizemmo Karjalakse [Let's speak Karelian], St Petersburg, →ISBN, page 142
  • Tatjana Boiko (2019), “ei”, in Suuri Karjal-Venʹalaine Sanakniigu (livvin murreh) [The Big Karelian-Russian dictionary (Livvi dialect)], 2nd edition, →ISBN, page 38

Lower Sorbian edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

en

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter n.

See also edit

Lule Sami edit

Verb edit

en

  1. first-person dual present of ij

Luxembourgish edit

Etymology edit

From Old High German ein, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz.

Pronunciation edit

Article edit

en m or n

  1. Indefinite article; a, an
    Ech droen en Hutt wann et reent.I wear a hat when it rains.
    Hues du e bloe Stëft?Do you have a blue pen?

Declension edit

Luxembourgish indefinite articles
masculine feminine neuter plural
nom./acc. en eng en (eng)
dative engem enger engem (engen)
Plural forms indicate a vague number (before numerals and certain adjectives).

Pronoun edit

en

  1. unstressed form of hien
    Hues de n e gefrot?Have you asked him?
  2. unstressed form of hinnen
    Ech hunn et e gesot.I told it them

Usage notes edit

  • Due to the Eifel Rule, the final -n is lost when the following word begins with a consonant other than <d>, <h>, <n>, <t> or <z>.

Declension edit

Mandarin edit

Romanization edit

en (en5en0, Zhuyin ˙ㄣ)

  1. Hanyu Pinyin reading of

Romanization edit

en

  1. Nonstandard spelling of ēn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of én.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of ěn.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of èn.

Usage notes edit

  • Transcriptions of Mandarin into the Latin script often do not distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without indication of tone.

Middle Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

en

  1. Alternative form of ne (not)

Conjunction edit

en

  1. Alternative form of ende (and)

Middle English edit

Preposition edit

en

  1. Alternative form of in (in)

Middle French edit

Etymology edit

From Old French en, from Latin in.

Preposition edit

en

  1. on; on to

Descendants edit

  • French: en

Middle Low German edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Germanic *ne (not).

Pronunciation edit

Unknown, possibly IPA(key): /ɛn/ or /ən/.

Particle edit

en m

  1. not; negates a verb, usage is facultative if it leads to a double negative
    Idt en sal nümant syn Erve vryg verkopenn dar ander lüde wat anne hebbet. he en segget den kop to varenn.
    Nobody shall [not] sell his inheritance, to which other people have rights attached, freely, unless he tell this to the buyer beforehand...
  2. unless
    Idt en sal nümant syn Erve vryg verkopenn dar ander lüde wat anne hebbet. he en segget den kop to varenn.
    Nobody shall sell his inheritance, to which other people have rights attached, freely, unless he tell this to the buyer beforehand...

Alternative forms edit

  • ne (older, Eastphalian)

Movima edit

Verb edit

en

  1. to stand

Further reading edit

Norwegian Bokmål edit

Norwegian Bokmål cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : en
    Ordinal : første

Etymology edit

From Old Norse einn, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz (one, some), from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (one).

Pronunciation edit

Article edit

en m (feminine ei or (non-standard since 1938) e, neuter et)

  1. a, an (indefinite article)

Numeral edit

en m (feminine ei, neuter ett, stressed én)

  1. one

Derived terms edit

See also edit

References edit

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Etymology 1 edit

Conjunction edit

en

  1. (pre-1901) alternative form of enn

Etymology 2 edit

Article edit

en

  1. (dialectal, nonstandard) Alternative form of ein

Etymology 3 edit

Preposition edit

en

  1. Used as part of set phrases from French

Etymology 4 edit

Conjunction edit

en

  1. Used as part of the expression stopp en hal

Old French edit

Alternative forms edit

  • in (10th century)

Etymology edit

From Latin in.

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

en

  1. in; inside
    • 1377, Bernard de Gordon, Fleur de lis de medecine (a.k.a. lilium medicine):
      Et pour ce qu’il se complaint moult de froit et horipilacion, pour ce au commencement on luy doit mettre les piés et les mains en eaue chaulde
      And if he complains about cold and shivers, to start with one must put his feet and is hands in hot water
  2. on; upon
    • 12th Century, Unknown, Raoul de Cambrai:
      qi en la crois fu mis
      [He] who was put on the cross
  3. in (experiencing an emotion, a feeling, etc.)
    en painein pain
  4. in (indicates a language)
    en latinin Latin

Descendants edit

  • Middle French: en
    • French: en
  • Norman: en

Old Frisian edit

Old Frisian cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : ēn
    Ordinal : ērest

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *ain. Cognates include Old English ān and Old Saxon ēn.

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

ēn m or n

  1. one
    ēn skillingone shilling

Article edit

ēn m or n

  1. a, an

Declension edit

Descendants edit

  • North Frisian:
    Föhr-Amrum:
    Föhr: een m, ian f or n
    Amrum: ään m, ian f or n
    Goesharde:
    Hoolmer: åån m, iin f or n
    Hoorninger: aan m, iin f or n
    Halligen: aon m, ian f or n
    Heligoland: iaan, jaan
    Mooring: ån m, iinj f or n
    Sylt: jen
    Wiedingharde: oan m, iin f or n
  • Saterland Frisian: aan m, een f or n
  • West Frisian: ien

References edit

  • Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN

Old Galician-Portuguese edit

Etymology edit

From Latin in (in), from Proto-Italic *en, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én (in).

Pronunciation edit

Preposition edit

en

  1. in
    • [C]omo hũa moller q̇ iogaua os dados en pulla lançou hũa pedra aa omagen de ſṫa maṙi[a] poꝛ q̇ perdera ⁊ parou un angeo de pedra que y eſtaua a mão ⁊ reçibiu o colpe.
      How a woman who was playing dice in Apulia threw a stone at the statue of Holy Mary because she had lost, and an angel of stone which was there reached out its hand and received the blow.

Descendants edit

  • Fala: en
  • Galician: en
  • Portuguese: em

Old Norse edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Germanic *anþi, *andi. Unstressed doublet of enn (yet, still).

Conjunction edit

en

  1. but
  2. (as a copulative): and
    Synonym: ok
Descendants edit
  • Icelandic: en
  • Old Swedish: æn

Etymology 2 edit

From earlier an (than). Ultimately from Proto-Germanic *þan, possibly through *þannai, whence cognate with Old English þonne (than). For similar loss of þ- compare at from earlier Proto-Norse ᚦᚨᛏ (þat), ᚦᛡᛏ (þᴀt).

Conjunction edit

en

  1. than
    Synonym: an
Descendants edit
  • Icelandic: en
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: enn
  • Norwegian Bokmål: enn
  • Old Swedish: æn
  • Danish: end

References edit

  • en in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Old Occitan edit

Pronoun edit

en

  1. of it; of them
    • 12th century, Bernard de Ventadour, Can vei la lauzeta mover
      Ailas! Tan cuidava saber
      D'amor, e tan petit en sai,
      Alas! I thought I knew so much
      about love, and I know so little [of it]!

Old Saxon edit

Old Saxon cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : ēn

Etymology edit

From Proto-West Germanic *ain.

Pronunciation edit

Numeral edit

en m

  1. one
    thoh uui hēr te meti habdin garu im te geƀanne sō uui mahtin fargelden mēst tueho uuāri is noh than that iro ēnig thar ēnes gināmi
    Though we had food that we should buy to give him. The most doubt is still there that anyone once felt
    (Heliand, verse 2637)

Article edit

en m

  1. a, an (rarely used)

Declension edit


Descendants edit

  • Middle Low German: ên, ein
    • Low German:
      • German Low German: een (Hamburgisch)
      • Westphalian:
        Lippisch: eun
        Ravensbergisch: åine
        Sauerländisch: ên
        Westmünsterländisch: een, eene, ne
    • Plautdietsch: een

Old Swedish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse einn, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz, from Proto-Indo-European *óynos.

Numeral edit

ēn m or f

  1. one

Pennsylvania German edit

Etymology edit

Compare German ein.

Pronunciation edit

Article edit

en

  1. a, an

Declension edit

Declension of en
masculine feminine neuter plural
nominative en en en
dative emme
me
re emme
me
accusative en en en

Pronoun edit

en

  1. accusative of er: him

Declension edit

Salar edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Turkic *ēn-. Cognate with Turkish inmek.

Pronunciation edit

  • (Jiezi, Gaizi, Qingshui, Hanbahe, Baizhuang, Xunhua, Qinghai, Ili, Yining, Xinjiang) IPA(key): [en]

Verb edit

en (passive enil, present continuous enbar, past enci)

  1. to descend, go down, come down
    Asman nene yağsa, sel en gelgarIf it rains again, the flood will come down.[1]
  2. to appear
    Synonym: görin
  3. to precipitate, fall (rain, mist, arrow, etc.)
    “İnci çosıña uxu viğe. Bu uxunı vurda qala ense, çosıñniği kine anda var” dimiş-a.(s/he) Said, "I will give you an arrow. Shoot this arrow and wherever it falls, it will be your bride."[2]
  4. to decrease, dip (price, temperature, etc.)
    Synonyms: azlan (to decrease), zenlen (to drop (price))
  5. to cast (light, shadow, etc.)
  6. to fall
    Synonym: yıqıl
  7. to skin down
  8. to lead down
  9. to slip (key)
  10. to get off (ship)
    Uğrı kimuge çixaller, uğrı kimudın enelmes.You can get on the thief's boat, but you can't get off the thief's boat.[3]
  11. to fall on
    Bir damdırmeğen kişge, ullı berget enmes.A person who does not leave even a penny does not have great luck. (lit. Great abundance does not fall on the one who does not drip even a thing.)[4]

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Lin Lianyun (2016), p. 71
  2. ^ Ma Wei (2016), p. 245
  3. ^ 张, 进锋 (Ayso Cañ Cinfen) (2008), 乌璐别格 (Ulubeğ), 鄭初陽 (Çuyañ Yebey oğlı Ceñ), editors, Salar İbret Sözler 撒拉尔谚语 [Salar Proverbs]‎[2], China Salar Youth League, page 13
  4. ^ Ayso Cañ Cinfen (2008), p. 111
  • Tenishev, Edhem (1976), “en”, in Stroj salárskovo jazyká [Grammar of Salar], Moscow, page 325
  • 林 (Lin), 莲云 (Lianyun) (1985), “en”, in 撒拉语简志 [A Brief History of Salar], Beijing: 民族出版社: 琴書店, →OCLC, page 141
  • Yakup, Abdurishid (2002), “en”, in An Ili Salar Vocabulary: Introduction and a Provisional Salar-English Lexicon, Tokyo: University of Tokyo, →ISBN, page 88
  • Ma, Chengjun; Han, Lianye; Ma, Weisheng (December 2010), “en”, in 米娜瓦尔 艾比布拉 (Minavar Abibra), editor, 撒维汉词典 (Sāwéihàncídiǎn) [Salar-Uyghur-Chinese dictionary], 1st edition, Beijing, →ISBN, page 102
  • 马伟 (Ma Wei), 朝克 (Chao Ke) (2016), “en”, in 濒危语言——撒拉语研究 [Endangered Languages ​​- Salar Language Studies], 青海 (Qinghai): 国家社会科学基金项目 (National Social Science Foundation Project), page 231

Slovene edit

Slovene numbers (edit)
10
 ←  0 1 2  →  10  → 
    Cardinal: en
    Nominalized cardinal: eden
    Cardinal prefix: eno-
    Ordinal: prvi
    Fixed ordinal: prvoten
    Latinate ordinal: primaren
    Ordinal prefix: prvo-
    Number: ena
    Digit: enka
    Digit place: enica
    Adverbial: prvič
    Krat adverbial: prvikrat
    Multiplier: enojen
    Krat multiplier: enkrat
    Fixed multiplier: enkraten
    Adverbial multiplier: enojno
    Latinate multiplier: singleten
    Multiplier verb: poeniti
    Multiplier prefix: enojn-
    Krat multiplier prefix: enkratn-
    Krat adverbial multiplier: enkratno
    Collective: enoje
    Separable collective: enoj
    Greek or Latinate collective: monada
    Greek collective prefix: mono-
    Latinate collective prefix: uni-
    Fractional: enina
    Greek prefix: proto-
    Number of musicians: solo

Etymology edit

Contraction of earlier êden, from Proto-Slavic *(j)edinъ.

Pronunciation 1 edit

Numeral edit

ȅn

  1. one
Usage notes edit

The form éden is used when the word does not modify a noun directly, but stands in predicate position. When counting or reciting numbers, the feminine form éna is normally used (see the number box).

Declension edit
First declension (hard), fixed accent
masculine feminine neuter
nom sg ȅn éna éno
singular
masculine feminine neuter
nominative
imenovȃlnik
ȅn éna éno
genitive
rodȋlnik
énega éne énega
dative
dajȃlnik
énemu éni énemu
accusative
tožȋlnik
nominanim
genanim
éno éno
locative
mẹ̑stnik
énem éni énem
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
énim éno énim
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
ȅn ȇna ȇno
Other forms
positive comparative superlative
accusative singular masculine isolated form énega
accusative singular neuter isolated form éno, énega
adverb


Derived terms edit

Determiner edit

ȅn

  1. (colloquial) some (someone/something – indefinite determiner)
    Synonyms: nekȁk, nekȁkšen
    Eni moški stojijo tam.Some men are standing there.
  2. (colloquial, also unstressed) some (someone/something arbitrary – unspecified determiner)
    Synonyms: kāk, kākšen
Declension edit
First declension (hard), fixed accent
masculine feminine neuter
nom sg én éna éno
singular
masculine feminine neuter
nominative
imenovȃlnik
én éna éno
genitive
rodȋlnik
énega éne énega
dative
dajȃlnik
énemu éni énemu
accusative
tožȋlnik
nominanim
genanim
éno éno
locative
mẹ̑stnik
énem, énemu éni énem, énemu
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
énim éno énim
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
ȇn ȇna ȇno
dual
masculine feminine neuter
nominative
imenovȃlnik
éna éni éni
genitive
rodȋlnik
énih énih énih
dative
dajȃlnik
énima énima énima
accusative
tožȋlnik
éna éni éni
locative
mẹ̑stnik
énih énih énih
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
énima énima énima
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
ȇna éni éni
plural
masculine feminine neuter
nominative
imenovȃlnik
éni éne éna
genitive
rodȋlnik
énih énih énih
dative
dajȃlnik
énim énim énim
accusative
tožȋlnik
éne éne éna
locative
mẹ̑stnik
énih énih énih
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
énimi énimi énimi
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
ȇni ȇne ȇna
Positive definite forms
singular
masculine feminine neuter
nominative
imenovȃlnik
éni éna éno
genitive
rodȋlnik
énega éne énega
dative
dajȃlnik
énemu éni énemu
accusative
tožȋlnik
nominanim
genanim
éno éno
locative
mẹ̑stnik
énem, énemu éni énem, énemu
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
énim éno énim
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
ȇni ȇna ȇno
dual
masculine feminine neuter
nominative
imenovȃlnik
éna éni éni
genitive
rodȋlnik
énih énih énih
dative
dajȃlnik
énima énima énima
accusative
tožȋlnik
éna éni éni
locative
mẹ̑stnik
énih énih énih
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
énima énima énima
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
ȇna ȇni ȇni
plural
masculine feminine neuter
nominative
imenovȃlnik
éni éne éna
genitive
rodȋlnik
énih énih énih
dative
dajȃlnik
énim énim énim
accusative
tožȋlnik
éne éne éna
locative
mẹ̑stnik
énih énih énih
instrumental
orọ̑dnik
énimi énimi énimi
(vocative)
(ogȏvorni imenovȃlnik)
ȇni ȇne ȇna
Other forms
positive comparative superlative
accusative singular masculine isolated form énega
accusative singular neuter isolated form éno, énega
adverb


Noun edit

ȅn m anim

  1. (regional) Alternative form of éden

Pronunciation 2 edit

Article edit

en

  1. (colloquial, regional) a
    To je ena velika izmišljotina!This is a big made-up story.

Further reading edit

  • en”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran
  • en”, in Termania, Amebis
  • See also the general references

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Spanish en, from Latin in, from Proto-Italic *en, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁én (in). Cognate with Old English in and English in.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /en/ [ẽn]
    • Audio:(file)
    • Rhymes: -en
    • Syllabification: en
  • IPA(key): /ˈem/ [ˈẽm] (before b, v, p)

Preposition edit

en

  1. in, at, on
    Estoy en casa.I'm at home.
    Estoy sentado en la computadora.I'm sitting at the computer.
    en esta páginaon this page
    en la caja en la mesain the box on the table
  2. in (a time)
    en la antigüedadin antiquity
    en 1999in 1999
  3. in (a language)
    No conozco esta palabra en francés.
    I don't know this word in French.
    en todos los idiomasin all languages
  4. used after some verbs and translated by various prepositions in English
    Pienso en ti.I'm thinking of you.
  5. in (in various expressions)
    en el sentidoin the sense
    en nuestro afánin our eagerness

Further reading edit

Sranan Tongo edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From older hem, from English him.

Pronoun edit

en

  1. Third-person singular possessive determiner/pronoun; his, her, its

Pronoun edit

en

  1. Third-person singular object pronoun; him, her, it
  2. Contrastive variant of a; he, she, it.

Sumerian edit

Romanization edit

en

  1. Romanization of 𒂗 (en)

Swedish edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Swedish ēn, æn, from Old Norse einn, from Proto-Germanic *ainaz (one, some), from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (one).

Pronunciation 1 edit

Pronoun edit

en (genitive ens)

  1. one; object form of man (=one)
    Det man inte vet skadar en inte
    What one doesn’t know doesn’t hurt one.
  2. one (see usage notes)
Usage notes edit

En has in recent years been used as a more gender-conscious alternative to the impersonal pronoun man. The development is in some ways parallel to the gender-neutral pronoun hen. Usage is common among certain speaker groups, but not universally acknowledged in the standard language.[10] Previously it has also been used in some dialects.

Declension edit

Pronunciation 2 edit

Numeral edit
Swedish cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : en
    Ordinal : första

en (neuter ett)

  1. one
Coordinate terms edit
Related terms edit
Article edit

en c (neuter ett)

  1. the indefinite article: a, an.
Declension edit
  • en and ett are invariable in the singular, as nominative en konung (a king) and genitive en konungs (a king's).
  • The genitive enes and the dative enom are dated.

Etymology 2 edit

From earlier ene (sometimes also ener), from Old Norse einir.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

en c

  1. juniper
Declension edit
Declension of en 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative en enen enar enarna
Genitive ens enens enars enarnas
Related terms edit
Descendants edit

References edit

Anagrams edit

Tagalog edit

Etymology edit

From English en, the English name of the letter N/n.

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: en
  • IPA(key): /ʔen/, [ʔɛn]
  • Rhymes: -en

Noun edit

en (Baybayin spelling ᜁᜈ᜔)

  1. the name of the Latin-script letter N, in the Filipino alphabet.
    Synonyms: (in the Abakada alphabet) na, (in the Abecedario) ene

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • en”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018

Tedim Chin edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Kuki-Chin *ʔen, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ken (to see, to know).

Verb edit

en

  1. to look

References edit

  • Zomi Ordbog based on the work of D.L. Haokip

Turkish edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Ottoman Turkishان(en), from Proto-Turkic *ēn (breadth, width).

Noun edit

en (definite accusative eni, plural enler)

  1. width
  2. a cachet on an animal or bonded goods
Declension edit
Inflection
Nominative en
Definite accusative eni
Singular Plural
Nominative en enler
Definite accusative eni enleri
Dative ene enlere
Locative ende enlerde
Ablative enden enlerden
Genitive enin enlerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular enim enlerim
2nd singular enin enlerin
3rd singular eni enleri
1st plural enimiz enlerimiz
2nd plural eniniz enleriniz
3rd plural enleri enleri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular enimi enlerimi
2nd singular enini enlerini
3rd singular enini enlerini
1st plural enimizi enlerimizi
2nd plural eninizi enlerinizi
3rd plural enlerini enlerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular enime enlerime
2nd singular enine enlerine
3rd singular enine enlerine
1st plural enimize enlerimize
2nd plural eninize enlerinize
3rd plural enlerine enlerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular enimde enlerimde
2nd singular eninde enlerinde
3rd singular eninde enlerinde
1st plural enimizde enlerimizde
2nd plural eninizde enlerinizde
3rd plural enlerinde enlerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular enimden enlerimden
2nd singular eninden enlerinden
3rd singular eninden enlerinden
1st plural enimizden enlerimizden
2nd plural eninizden enlerinizden
3rd plural enlerinden enlerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular enimin enlerimin
2nd singular eninin enlerinin
3rd singular eninin enlerinin
1st plural enimizin enlerimizin
2nd plural eninizin enlerinizin
3rd plural enlerinin enlerinin

References edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Ottoman Turkishاڭ(), from Common Turkic *eŋ. Cognate with Old Turkic𐰭(ŋ /⁠eŋ⁠/), Azerbaijani ən, Kyrgyz эң (), Tuvan эң (), Uzbek eng.

Adverb edit

en

  1. the most ..., the ...-est (marks the superlative degree of any or most adjectives)
    büyük, en büyük
    big, (the) biggest
    en küçük
    the smallest
    en acayip
    the most interesting

Veps edit

Verb edit

en

  1. first-person singular present of ei

Welsh edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

en f (plural eniau)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter N.

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
en unchanged unchanged hen
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

See also edit

West Frisian edit

Etymology edit

From Old Frisian and, ende, from Proto-Germanic *andi, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂entí.

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

en

  1. and

Further reading edit

  • en”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Zou edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Kuki-Chin *ʔen, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ken. Cognates include Chinese [Term?] (jiàn) and Tibetan མཁྱེན་པ (mkhyen pa).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

én

  1. (intransitive) to look

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Kuki-Chin *ʔan (vegetables), from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *h(y)an.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

én

  1. food
  2. meal

References edit

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, page 41