TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
三-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
三-oracle.svg 三-bronze.svg 三-silk.svg 三-bigseal.svg 三-seal.svg

Ideogram (指事) - three parallel lines. Compare with , one line meaning one, , two lines meaning two, and , four lines meaning four.

Han characterEdit

(radical 1 +2, 3 strokes, cangjie input 一一一 (MMM), four-corner 10101, composition一一)

  1. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №4

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 76, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12
  • Dae Jaweon: page 138, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 4, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+4E09

See alsoEdit


ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-sum.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (三), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 談
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 蘇甘切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑm/ /sɑm/ /sɑm/ /sɑm/ /sam/ /sɑm/ /sɑm/
Character (三), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 談
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 蘇暫切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/sɑmH/ /sɑmH/ /sɑmH/ /sɑmH/ /samH/ /sɑmH/ /sɑmH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
sān ‹ sam › /*s.rum (*s.r- > s-; infl. by 四 *s-?)/ three
sān ‹ samH › /*s.r[u]m-s (*s.r- > *s-, infl. by 四 *s-?)/ three times

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10963 3 /*suːm/
10965 3 /*suːms/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. three
  2. A surname​.

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • “三”, MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT )[1] (in Mandarin/English), retrieved 2014-03-21

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Alternative formsEdit

  • (Japanese financial/formal form): 参

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Related termsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana さん, romaji san)

  1. three

NumeralEdit

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  2 3 4  > 
    Cardinal :

(さん, san)

  1. three, 3

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit

/mi1/: [mi].

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji mi)

  1. three

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(sam)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: sam, Yale: sam)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: set, McCune-Reischauer: set, Yale: seys)
  1. three

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tam)

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