See also: , , and 𠁣𠃛
U+9580, 門
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9580

[U+957F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9581]
U+2FA8, ⾨
KANGXI RADICAL GATE

[U+2FA7]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2FA9]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 169, +0, 8 strokes, cangjie input 日弓 (AN), four-corner 77777, composition𠁣𠃛)

  1. Kangxi radical #169, .
  2. Shuowen Jiezi radical №438

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

Further readingEdit

  • KangXi: page 1329, character 53
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41208
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1833, character 38
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 7, page 4281, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9580

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms 𨳇
𮤫
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
             

Pictogram (象形): a gate. Compare (OC *ɡʷaːʔ, “(one) door”), which is half of this character.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-muːr (mouth; lip; to hold in mouth; to chew; face; gills) (STEDT). Cognate with Tibetan མུར་བ (mur ba, to masticate), Tibetan མུར་འགྲམ (mur 'gram, jawbone; cheek), Mizo hmûi (lips; upper lip) and (OC *mɯnʔ, “lips; corner of the lips”).

“-gate”
Semantic loan from English -gate, which is a back-formation from Watergate. Also influenced by Japanese 羅生門.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • mn̂g/mûi - vernacular;
  • bûn - literary.
Note: meng5 - Chaoyang.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (55)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/muən/
Pan
Wuyun
/muon/
Shao
Rongfen
/muən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/mwən/
Li
Rong
/muən/
Wang
Li
/muən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/muən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
mén
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
mén
Middle
Chinese
‹ mwon ›
Old
Chinese
/*mˁə[r]/
English gate, door

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8960
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*mɯːn/
 
門/门


DefinitionsEdit

  1. gate; door; entrance; opening; portal (Classifier: m;  m c)
  2. valve; switch
  3. way of doing something; knack
    /   ―  mén  ―  way of doing something
  4. family
  5. school; sect; school of thought; tradition
    /   ―  mén  ―  Buddhism
    /   ―  ménshēng  ―  disciple of a particular tradition
  6. class; category
  7. (taxonomy) phylum; division
  8. (logic, electronics) logic gate
  9. Classifier for lessons, subjects, branches of technology, and languages.all nouns using this classifier
  10. Classifier for livelihoods, trades, skills, businesses, etc.
    生意不好 / 生意不好  ―  Zhè mén shēngyì bùhǎo zuò.  ―  It's a tough business.
  11. Classifier for thoughts, ideas, or emotions, particularly those forming a system or complex.
    心思 [MSC, trad.]
    心思 [MSC, simp.]
    Nǐ zhè yī mén xīnsī, shuí cāidé dào? [Pinyin]
    Who could have guessed all that in your mind?
  12. Classifier for marriage, romantic, or family relations.
    親事 / 亲事  ―  shuō chéng yī mén qīnshì  ―  to successfully make a match
  13. Classifier for large guns.
  14. -gate (a suffix combined with keywords to form the names of scandals)
  15. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

SynonymsEdit

  • (gate): (zhá)
  • (large gun classifier): (zūn)

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (もん) (mon)
  • Korean: (, mun)
  • Vietnamese: môn ()

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

 
Ryakuji for . Compare derived ryakuji for and , and simplified Chinese .

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (ryakuji) [U+95E8]

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
もん
Grade: 2
goon

From Middle Chinese (MC muən).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(もん) (mon

  1. a gate
  2. (religion) a sect, school of thought
  3. (biology) a phylum, division
  4. Short for 門限 (mongen): a curfew
Derived termsEdit

CounterEdit

(もん) (-mon

  1. counter for cannons or large guns

AffixEdit

(もん) (mon

  1. doorway, exit and entrance
  2. clan, family, kin
  3. teaching institution
  4. set of academic doctrines
  5. Used in Sanskrit transliterations
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
かど
Grade: 2
kun’yomi

⟨kado1 → */kadʷo//kado/

From Old Japanese.

The final -do is cognate with (to, door). Compare (kago, basket), which is cognate with (ko).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(かど) (kado

  1. a gate, portal
  2. an entrance, gateway, opening
  3. a clan, family, kin
Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(かど) (Kado

  1. a surname

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
nanori
For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above terms.)

(The following entry is uncreated: .)

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC muən).

Recorded as Middle Korean * (Yale: mwon) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.

Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: mwun) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (mun mun))

  1. Hanja form? of (gate, door, gateway, portal).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Old JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

The final -do is cognate with (to1, door).

NounEdit

(kado1) (kana かど)

  1. a gate, portal
  2. an entrance, gateway, opening
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Japanese: (kado)

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

(kadu) (kana かづ)

  1. (regional, Central Eastern Old Japanese) Same as カド (kado1) above
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 20, poem 4386)
      和加加都乃以都母等夜奈枳以都母以都母於母加古比須須奈理麻之都都母
      waga katu no2 itumoto2 yanagi2 itu mo itu mo omo ka ko1pi1susu narimasitutu mo
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(môn, món, mon)

  1. subject, discipline
  2. (only in compounds) band, gang, clique

ZhuangEdit

PronounEdit

  1. Sawndip form of mwngz