가르다

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested in the Worin cheongangjigok (月印千江之曲 / 월인천강지곡), 1449, as Middle Korean 가ᄅᆞ다 (Yale: kalo-ta).

This word is part of a family of related terms with a core meaning of "split". The ancestral root form appears to have been *가ᄃᆞ *kato- or similar, with some forms undergoing intervocalic lenition and some not. Related forms include 갈래 (gallae, strand, fork, division), 가달 (gadal, something split from each other), 가닥 (gadak, strand, long thin object), and 가락 (garak, spindle, strand).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gareuda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?galeuda
McCune–Reischauer?karŭda
Yale Romanization?kaluta

VerbEdit

Korean verb set
Base 가르다 (gareuda)
Passive갈리다 (gallida)

가르다 (gareuda) (infinitive 갈라, sequential 가르니) (transitive)

  1. to divide, to separate
  2. to cut / slice through; to cleave
  3. to make the difference between defeat and victory

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit