Korean edit

Etymology edit

First attested in the Yongbi eocheon'ga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 니러나다 (Yale: nilenata).

Pronunciation edit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [iɾʌ̹na̠da̠]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangul: []
Revised Romanization?ireonada
Revised Romanization (translit.)?il'eonada
Yale Romanization?il.enata

Verb edit

일어나다 (ireonada) (infinitive 일어나, sequential 일어나니)

  1. to arise, get up; to wake up
  2. to occur; to happen

Usage notes edit

일어나다 (ireonada) has two forms for the 해라체 (haerache, “plain”) imperative. The blunt form is regular: 일어나라 (ireonara, “get up!”). The less blunt form is irregular: 일어나거라 (ireonageora, “arise!”). Other verbs with the irregular non-blunt form are 자다 (jada, “to sleep”), 자라다 (jarada, “to grow”), 가다 (gada, “to go”), and compound verbs ending in 가다 (gada).

Conjugation edit

See also edit

References edit

  • National Institute of the Korean Language (Naver.com mirror) (accessed 2007-06-03), “일어나다”, in 표준국어대사전[1]