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KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested in the Hunmong jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527, as Middle Korean 잘다 (calta). Perhaps related to 졸다 (jolda)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key)[t͡ɕa̠da̠]
  • Phonetic Hangul[]
Revised Romanization? jada
Revised Romanization (translit.)? jada
McCune–Reischauer? chada
Yale Romanization? cata

VerbEdit

자다 (jada) (infinitive , sequential 자니)

  1. to sleep
    개는 잠을 잡니다.
    Gaeneun jameul jamnida.
    The dog is sleeping.
    일반적인 사람들은 밤에 자고 아침에 일어나지만 밤에 활동하고 아침에 자는 사람들도 존재한다.
    Ilbanjeogin saramdeureun bame jago achime ireonajiman bame hwaldonghago achime janeun saramdeuldo jonjaehanda.
    Ordinary people sleep at night and wake up in the morning, but there are people who are active at night and sleep in the morning.)

ConjugationEdit

Usage notesEdit

자다 (jada) has two forms for the 해라체 (haerache, “plain”) imperative. The blunt form is regular: 자라 (jara, “sleep!”). The less blunt form is irregular: 자거라 (jageora, “sleep well!”). Other verbs with the irregular non-blunt form are 일어나다 (ireonada, “to get up”), 자라다 (jarada, “to grow”), 가다 (gada, “to go”), and compound verbs ending in 가다 (gada).

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit