𒁉 U+12049, 𒁉
CUNEIFORM SIGN BI
𒁈
[U+12048]
Cuneiform 𒁊
[U+1204A]

Translingual edit

Alternative forms edit

Cuneiform sign edit

𒁉 Sign Number
MZL 358
Deimel 214
HZL 153

References edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
  • R. Borger, Mesopotamisches Zeichenlexikon (MZL), Münster (2003)
  • A. Deimel, Šumerisches Lexikon (Deimel), Rome (1947)
  • Chr. Rüster, E. Neu, Hethitisches Zeichenlexikon (HZL), Wiesbaden (1989)

Akkadian edit

Sign values edit

Sign 𒁉
Sumerograms BE₂, BI, KAŠ
Phonetic values be₂/pe₂, bi/pi₂, kaš

Etymology 1 edit

Orthographic borrowing from Sumerian 𒁉 (be, its)

Logogram edit

𒁉 (BI)

  1. Sumerogram of šū (he, it)
  2. (after a logogram) Sumerogram of šuāti (him/it, that)

Etymology 2 edit

Orthographic borrowing from Sumerian 𒁉 (kaš, beer).

Logogram edit

𒁉 (KAŠ)

  1. Sumerogram of šikarum (beer)

Sumerian edit

Etymology 1 edit

Alternative forms of
/be/
𒉿 (be₆)

Determiner edit

𒁉 (bi, be₂ /be/)

  1. (enclitic) this (near to the speaker)
Inflection edit
  • 𒁀 (ba /⁠bâ⁠/, in this) (locative case)
  • 𒁀 (ba /⁠bâk⁠/, of this) (genitive case)
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Pronoun edit

𒁉 (bi, be₂ /be/)

  1. (enclitic) its (third-person non-human possessive pronoun)
Usage notes edit
  • The /e/ of 𒁉 (bi, be₂ /⁠be⁠/) contracts with the vowel of 1) the genitive case marker /ak/ and 2) the locative case marker /a/:
    1. 𒊺𒉻𒁀še šukur₂-ba /še šukuřbâk/ ― the barley of their subsistence allotment
    2. 𒂍𒁀e₂-ba /ēbâ/ ― into its house
Inflection edit
  • 𒁀 (ba /⁠bâk⁠/, of its) (genitive case)
  • 𒁀 (ba /⁠bâ⁠/, in/into its) (locative case)
See also edit
Sumerian possessive pronouns
singular plural
1st singular 𒈬
g̃u
𒈨
2nd singular 𒍪
zu
𒍪𒉈𒉈
zunēnē
3rd singular hum. 𒀀𒉌
ane
𒀀𒉈𒉈
anēnē
nhum. 𒁉
be

Etymology 3 edit

Alternative forms of
/kaš/
𒆜 (kaš₂)

Noun edit

𒁉 (kaš)

  1. beer
    Synonym: 𒁷 (kurun₂ /⁠kurun⁠/)
  2. alcoholic drink

References edit

  • 𒁉 (kaš)” in ePSD2
  • Jagersma, Bram (2010) A Descriptive Grammar of Sumerian[1] (doctoral thesis), pages 212-214