See also: This, thîs, and þis

English Edit

 
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Etymology Edit

From Middle English this, from Old English þis (neuter demonstrative), from North Sea Germanic base *þa- "that", from Proto-Germanic *þat, from Proto-Indo-European *tód, extended form of demonstrative base *to-; + North-West Germanic definitive suffix -s, from Proto-Indo-European *só (this, that).

Cognate with Scots this (this), Saterland Frisian dusse (this), West Frisian dizze (this), German dies, dieses (this), Old Gutnish þissi (this).

Pronunciation Edit

  • enPR: thĭs, thəs, IPA(key): /ðɪs/, /ðəs/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪs

Determiner Edit

this (plural these)

  1. The (thing) here (used in indicating something or someone nearby).
    This classroom is where I learned to read and write.
  2. The known (thing) (used in indicating something or someone just mentioned).
    They give the appearance of knowing what they're doing. It's this appearance that lets them get away with so much.
  3. The known (thing) (used in indicating something or someone about to be mentioned).
    When asked what he wanted for his birthday, he gave this reply: “[…]”
  4. (informal) A known (thing) (used in first mentioning a person or thing that the speaker does not think is known to the audience). Compare with "a certain ...".
    I met this woman the other day who's allergic to wheat. I didn't even know that was possible!
    There's just this nervous mannerism that Bob has with his hands, and it drives me crazy.
  5. (of a time reference) Designates the current or next instance.
    Coordinate term: next
    It's cold this morning.
    I plan to go to London this Friday.
  6. (colloquial, with stress on this) Referring to oneself.
    • 1999, “Garage Sale”, in That '70s Show, season 2, episode 1, spoken by Michael Kelso (Ashton Kutcher):
      Hey, you know what's got two thumbs and really likes brownies? This guy!
    • 2005, Anita Foster Lovely, Betrayals, Philadelphia, P.A.: Xlibris, →ISBN, page 165:
      I am no longer your little naïve toy. I am a woman. All woman. And this woman is tired of your crap.
    • 2010, Stephen Jay Schwartz, Beat, New York, N.Y.: Forge Books, →ISBN, page 333:
      "You'll find another way. This girl is done." Hayden let his gun fall to the ground. "You can shoot me if you want. Its your call."
    • 2017, Samantha Towle, Breaking Hollywood, London: Headline Eternal, →ISBN, page 205:
      Right, boys, as much fun as this night has been, this girl is tired, so I'm gonna hit the hay.
    • 2021 July 1, Stephen Harrison, “Wikipedia's War on the Daily Mail”, in Slate[1], archived from the original on 2023-06-04:
      "As far as I can tell, there's been no journalistic interest in these basic issues of why Wikipedia editors make the decisions they do, and how they give effect to them, despite the fact the announcement of the ban was basically worldwide news," wrote Reddit user ronsmith7. Well, ronsmith7, today is your lucky day because this journalist is interested in those issues.

Derived terms Edit

Related terms Edit

Translations Edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Adverb Edit

this (not comparable)

  1. To the degree or extent indicated.
    I need this much water.
    Do we need this many recommendations?
    We've already come this far, we can't turn back now.

Translations Edit

Pronoun Edit

this (plural these)

  1. The thing, item, etc. being indicated.
    This isn't the item that I ordered.

Related terms Edit

Translations Edit

Noun Edit

this (plural thises)

  1. (philosophy) Something being indicated that is here; one of these.
    • 2001, James G. Lennox, Aristotle's Philosophy of Biology, page 151:
      Terms like 'house', 'sphere', 'animal', and 'human' do not refer to other thises distinct from these ones here — they refer to the sort of thing these ones here are.

Interjection Edit

this

  1. (Internet slang) Indicates the speaker's strong approval or agreement with the previous material.
    ― I wish trolls could be banned from the forum immediately, without any discussion.
    This!

Synonyms Edit

Anagrams Edit

Middle English Edit

Etymology 1 Edit

Determiner Edit

this

  1. Alternative spelling of þis (this)

Pronoun Edit

this

  1. Alternative spelling of þis (this)

Adverb Edit

this

  1. Alternative spelling of þis (this)

Etymology 2 Edit

Determiner Edit

this

  1. Alternative spelling of þis (these)

Pronoun Edit

this

  1. Alternative spelling of þis (these)

Quechua Edit

Etymology Edit

Onomatopoeia.

Pronunciation Edit

Interjection Edit

this

  1. the sound a cat makes when preparing to attack something
  2. the sound of damp wood burning

References Edit

  • “this” in Academia Mayor de la Lengua Quechua (2006) Diccionario quechua-español-quechua, 2nd edition, Cusco: Edmundo Pantigozo, page 207.

Scots Edit

Determiner Edit

this (plural thir)

  1. this
  2. Doric form of thir (these)
    This plants is deid.
    These plants are dead.

Pronoun Edit

this (plural thir)

  1. this
  2. Doric form of thir (these)

Yola Edit

Etymology Edit

From Middle English this, from Old English þis.

Determiner Edit

this

  1. this
    • 1867, “CASTEALE CUDDE'S LAMENTATION”, in SONGS, ETC. IN THE DIALECT OF FORTH AND BARGY, number 4:
      Fan ich aam in this miseree.
      When I am in this misery.

References Edit

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 104