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-ышко (-yško)

  1. Creates diminutives of neuter nouns, sometimes with a particularizing sense.
    го́рло (górlo, throat)го́рлышко (górlyško, small throat)
    крыло́ (kryló, wing)кры́лышко (krýlyško, small wing)
    перо́ (peró, feather)пёрышко (pjóryško, small feather)
    стекло́ (stekló, glass)стёклышко (stjóklyško, (small) piece of glass)
    зерно́ (zernó, grain)зёрнышко (zjórnyško, (small) kernel of grain)
    со́лнце (sólnce, sun)со́лнышко (sólnyško, small sun)
    дно (dno, bottom)до́нышко (dónyško, (small) bottom)

Usage notesEdit

  • The suffix is added to the stem of the word (i.e. minus its final vowel, if any).
  • The suffix is often added to ending-stressed words. The stress is always drawn onto the preceding syllable.
  • Unstressed e normally becomes ё when stressed.
  • In some cases, a suffix is dropped, as in со́лнышко (sólnyško) from со́лнце (sólnce).
  • The normal plural is irregular -́ышки.