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See also: ական

Contents

ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Armenian -ական (-akan).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ական (-akan)

  1. forming adjectives; -ian, -al
    հորիզոնականhorizonakanhorizontal
    հայկականhaykakanArmenian
  2. forming personified nouns, with the meaning of a follower, profession or doer of something; -ist, -er
    ստալինականstalinakanStalinist
    վաճառականvačaṙakanmerchant
    թափառականtʿapʿaṙakanvagabond, vagrant

Usage notesEdit

The suffix is very productive.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


Old ArmenianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Iranian *-(a)kan. Compare Middle Persian -kʾn (-agān).

SuffixEdit

-ական (-akan)

  1. forming adjectives from nouns; -ian, -al
    պարսիկparsika Persian
    պարսկականparskakanPersian
  2. forming personified nouns, with the meaning of a follower, profession or doer of something; -ist, -er
    փախուստpʿaxustflight, fleeing
    փախստականpʿaxstakanrefugee

Usage notesEdit

The suffix was very productive.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1998), “-(ա)կան”, in Hin hayereni verǰacancʿneri cagumə [The Origin of Old Armenian Suffixes] (Hayocʿ lezvi hamematakan kʿerakanutʿyan harcʿer; 2) (in hy), Yerevan: Anania Širakacʿi, pages 5–48