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ArmenianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Learned borrowing from Old Armenian ասպնջական (aspnǰakan).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

ասպնջական (aspnǰakan) (superlative ամենաասպնջական)

  1. (dated) hospitable
    Synonym: հյուրընկալ (hyurənkal)

DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

ասպնջական (aspnǰakan)

  1. (dated) host

DeclensionEdit


Old ArmenianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

An Iranian borrowing; compare Parthian 𐫙𐫘𐫛𐫏𐫗𐫋(ʿspynj, hostel, place to stay), Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (ʾspnc /aspinǰ/, hospitality; inn), Persian سپنج(sepanj), and see the latter for more. For the suffix see -ական (-akan). The sense "cause" is a semantic loan from Ancient Greek πρόξενος (próxenos).

AdjectiveEdit

ասպնջական (aspnǰakan)

  1. hospitable
    Synonyms: հիւրընկալ (hiwrənkal), օտարընկալ (ōtarənkal), վանատուր (vanatur)

DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

ասպնջական (aspnǰakan)

  1. host
  2. (figuratively) that which receives, receptacle
    Synonym: ընդունարան (əndunaran)
  3. cause
    Synonym: պատճառ (patčaṙ)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971), “ասպնջական”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), volume I, 2nd edition, reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, Yerevan: University Press, page 275
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “ասպնջական”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Hübschmann, Heinrich (1897) Armenische Grammatik. 1. Theil: Armenische Etymologie (in German), Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, page 109
  • J̌ahukyan, Geworg (1987) Hayocʿ lezvi patmutʿyun; naxagrayin žamanakašrǰan [History of the Armenian language: The Pre-Literary Period] (in Armenian), Yerevan: Academy Press, page 516
  • Łazarean, Ṙ. S. (2006), “ասպնջական”, in Grabari homanišneri baṙaran [Dictionary of Old Armenian Synonyms], Yerevan: University Press
  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “ասպնջական”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy