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-DÍÍN

See also: diin and díin

Contents

NavajoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Athabaskan *denʸ (light shines). Always occurs with di- thematic "fire" in associated verb bases.

The root -díín is irregular, since *-dį́ would be expected. -díín is invariable in shape (i.e., there are no other forms for different aspects or tenses), although a distinction between imperfective and perfective could be made. According to Young (1992), bases containing prefix yíní- (directed at) have neuter imperfective stems, while the rest have neuter perfective.

RootEdit

-DÍÍN

  1. light shines
Theme Category Bases Transitive bases (O + ł)
di operative light shines (on P)
bighádiʼnídíín
bitsʼádiʼnídíín
haʼdíídíín
S casts light (on P)
bighádiʼníłdíín
 
 
haʼdííłdíín
iʼdiníłdíín (yíní-, “directed at”)

Stem setEdit

Aspect IMP PERF FUT ITER OPT
NEUT -díín -díín - - -

See also Appendix: Roots and stems derivation.

Derived termsEdit

Navajo terms belonging to the root -DÍÍN (light)