See also: Shine

EnglishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

  • (US, UK) enPR: shīn, IPA(key): /ʃaɪn/, /ʃaːɪn/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪn

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English shinen, schinen (preterite schon, past participle schinen), from Old English scīnan (“to shine, flash; be resplendent”; preterite scān, past participle scinen), from Proto-Germanic *skīnaną (to shine).

VerbEdit

shine (third-person singular simple present shines, present participle shining, simple past and past participle shone or shined)

  1. (intransitive, copulative) To emit or reflect light so as to glow.
    • 1899 Feb, Joseph Conrad, “The Heart of Darkness”, in Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, page 194:
      The water shone pacifically; the sky, without a speck, was a benign immensity of unstained light; the very mist on the Essex marshes was like a gauzy and radiant fabric, hung from the wooded rises inland, and draping the low shores in diaphanous folds.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 20, in The China Governess[1]:
      ‘No. I only opened the door a foot and put my head in. The street lamps shine into that room. I could see him. He was all right. Sleeping like a great grampus. Poor, poor chap.’
  2. (intransitive, copulative) To reflect light.
  3. (intransitive, copulative) To distinguish oneself; to excel.
    • 1867, Frederick William Robinson, No Man's Friend, Harper & Brothers, page 91:
      [] I was grateful to you for giving him a year’s schooling—where he shined at it—and for putting him as a clerk in your counting-house, where he shined still more.”
    • 2011 January 15, Phil McNulty, “Tottenham 0 - 0 Man Utd”, in BBC[2]:
      It prompted an exchange of substitutions as Jermain Defoe replaced Palacios and Javier Hernandez came on for Berbatov, who had failed to shine against his former club.
    My nephew tried other sports before deciding on football, which he shone at right away, quickly becoming the star of his school team.
  4. (intransitive, copulative) To be effulgent in splendour or beauty.
  5. (intransitive, copulative) To be eminent, conspicuous, or distinguished; to exhibit brilliant intellectual powers.
  6. (intransitive, copulative) To be immediately apparent.
  7. (transitive) To create light with (a flashlight, lamp, torch, or similar).
    • 2007, David Lynn Goleman, Legend: An Event Group Thriller, St. Martin’s Press (2008), →ISBN, page 318:
      As Jenks shined the large spotlight on the water, he saw a few bubbles and four long wakes leading away from an expanding circle of blood.
    I shone my light into the darkness to see what was making the noise.
  8. (transitive) To cause to shine, as a light.
  9. (US, transitive) To make bright; to cause to shine by reflected light.
    in hunting, to shine the eyes of a deer at night by throwing a light on them
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Bartlett to this entry?)
SynonymsEdit
Coordinate termsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

NounEdit

shine (countable and uncountable, plural shines)

  1. Brightness from a source of light.
  2. Brightness from reflected light.
  3. Excellence in quality or appearance; splendour.
  4. Shoeshine.
  5. Sunshine.
    • 1685, John Dryden, Sylvae
      be fair or foul, or rain or shine
  6. (slang) Moonshine; illicitly brewed alcoholic drink.
  7. (cricket) The amount of shininess on a cricket ball, or on each side of the ball.
  8. (slang) A liking for a person; a fancy.
    She's certainly taken a shine to you.
  9. (archaic, slang) A caper; an antic; a row.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2Edit

From the noun shine, or perhaps continuing Middle English schinen in its causative uses, from Old English scīn (brightness, shine), and also Middle English schenen, from Old English scǣnan (to render brilliant, make shine), from Proto-Germanic *skainijaną, causative of *skīnaną (to shine).

VerbEdit

shine (third-person singular simple present shines, present participle shining, simple past and past participle shined)

  1. (transitive) To cause (something) to shine; put a shine on (something); polish (something).
    He shined my shoes until they were polished smooth and gleaming.
  2. (transitive, cricket) To polish a cricket ball using saliva and one’s clothing.
SynonymsEdit
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AnagramsEdit


IrishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

shine

  1. Lenited form of sine.

NounEdit

shine

  1. Lenited form of sine.

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

shine

  1. Rōmaji transcription of しね

Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old English sċīnan.

VerbEdit

shine

  1. Alternative form of schinen

Etymology 2Edit

From Old English sċinu.

NounEdit

shine

  1. Alternative form of shyn