See also: Shine

English edit

 
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Pronunciation edit

  • (US, UK) enPR: shīn, IPA(key): /ʃaɪn/, /ʃaːɪn/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪn

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English shinen, schinen (preterite schon, past participle schinen), from Old English scīnan (“to shine, flash; be resplendent”; preterite scān, past participle scinen), from Proto-West Germanic *skīnan (to shine), from Proto-Germanic *skīnaną (to shine).

Verb edit

shine (third-person singular simple present shines, present participle shining, simple past and past participle shone or shined)

  1. (intransitive, copulative) To emit or reflect light so as to glow.
  2. (intransitive, copulative) To reflect light.
  3. (intransitive, copulative) To distinguish oneself; to excel.
    My nephew tried other sports before deciding on football, which he shone at right away, quickly becoming the star of his school team.
    • 1867, Frederick William Robinson, No Man's Friend, Harper & Brothers, page 91:
      [] I was grateful to you for giving him a year’s schooling—where he shined at it—and for putting him as a clerk in your counting-house, where he shined still more.”
    • 2011 January 15, Phil McNulty, “Tottenham 0 - 0 Man Utd”, in BBC[1]:
      It prompted an exchange of substitutions as Jermain Defoe replaced Palacios and Javier Hernandez came on for Berbatov, who had failed to shine against his former club.
  4. (intransitive, copulative) To be effulgent in splendour or beauty.
  5. (intransitive, copulative) To be eminent, conspicuous, or distinguished; to exhibit brilliant intellectual powers.
  6. (intransitive, copulative) To be immediately apparent.
  7. (transitive) To create light with (a flashlight, lamp, torch, or similar).
    I shone my light into the darkness to see what was making the noise.
    • 2007, David Lynn Goleman, Legend: An Event Group Thriller, St. Martin’s Press, published 2008, →ISBN, page 318:
      As Jenks shined the large spotlight on the water, he saw a few bubbles and four long wakes leading away from an expanding circle of blood.
  8. (transitive) To cause to shine, as a light or by reflected light.
    in hunting, to shine the eyes of a deer at night by throwing a light on them
    • 1625, Francis [Bacon], “Of Goodness and Goodness of Nature”, in The Essayes [], 3rd edition, London: [] Iohn Haviland for Hanna Barret, →OCLC:
      He [God] doth not rain wealth, nor shine honour and virtues, upon men equally.
Synonyms edit
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Translations edit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun edit

shine (countable and uncountable, plural shines)

  1. Brightness from a source of light.
  2. Brightness from reflected light.
  3. Excellence in quality or appearance; splendour.
  4. Shoeshine.
  5. Sunshine.
    • 1685, John Dryden, Sylvae:
      be fair or foul, or rain or shine
  6. (slang) Moonshine; illicitly brewed alcoholic drink.
  7. (cricket) The amount of shininess on a cricket ball, or on each side of the ball.
  8. (slang) A liking for a person; a fancy.
    She's certainly taken a shine to you.
  9. (archaic, slang) A caper; an antic; a row.
Synonyms edit
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Translations edit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2 edit

From the noun shine, or perhaps continuing Middle English schinen in its causative uses, from Old English scīn (brightness, shine), and also Middle English schenen, from Old English scǣnan (to render brilliant, make shine), from Proto-Germanic *skainijaną, causative of *skīnaną (to shine).

Verb edit

shine (third-person singular simple present shines, present participle shining, simple past and past participle shined)

  1. (transitive) To cause (something) to shine; put a shine on (something); polish (something).
    He shined my shoes until they were polished smooth and gleaming.
  2. (transitive, cricket) To polish a cricket ball using saliva and one’s clothing.
Synonyms edit
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Anagrams edit

Irish edit

Adjective edit

shine

  1. Lenited form of sine.

Noun edit

shine

  1. Lenited form of sine.

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

shine

  1. Rōmaji transcription of しね

Middle English edit

Etymology 1 edit

Noun edit

shine

  1. Alternative form of schyne (shin)

Etymology 2 edit

Verb edit

shine

  1. Alternative form of schinen