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Lule SamiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Samic *-ččëtēk.

SuffixEdit

-hit

  1. Forms verbs from adjectives indicating an opinion or consideration.
    nievrre (bad) + ‎-hit → ‎nevrahit (to consider bad)

InflectionEdit

Odd, no gradation
infinitive -hit
1st sing. present -hav
1st sing. past -hiv
infinitive -hit
present participle -hiddje
past participle -ham
present indicative past indicative imperative
1st singular -hav -hiv
2nd singular -ha -hi -ha
3rd singular -j -hij -his
1st dual -hin -hijma -hinˈno
2nd dual -hihppe -hijda -hihtte
3rd dual -hibá -hijga -hiska
1st plural -hip -hijma -hip
2nd plural -hihpit -hijda -hihtit
3rd plural -hi -hin -hisá
connegative -ha -ha
conditional potential optative
1st singular -haluluv -hittjav
2nd singular -halulu -hittja -hu
3rd singular -haluluj -hisj -hus
1st dual -halulujma -hittjin -hunˈno
2nd dual -halulujda -hittjabihtte -huhtuda
3rd dual -halulujga -hittjaba -huska
1st plural -halulujma -hittjap -hup
2nd plural -halulujda -hittjabihtit -huhtut
3rd plural -halulun -hittji -husá
connegative -halulu -hittja -hu

Derived termsEdit



Northern SamiEdit

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Samic *-ttētēk.

SuffixEdit

-hit (with odd-syllable stems -ahttit)

  1. Forms causative verbs.
    goarrut (to sew) + ‎-hit → ‎goaruhit (to make sew)
    namma (name) + ‎-hit → ‎namahit (to name)
    ođasmit (to be renewed) + ‎-hit → ‎ođasmahttit (to renew)
Usage notesEdit

This suffix triggers the weak grade on a preceding stressed syllable.

InflectionEdit

Odd, no gradation
infinitive -hit
1st sing. present -han
1st sing. past -hin
-hedjen
infinitive -hit action noun -heapmi
present participle -headdji action inessive -heamen
-heame
past participle -han action elative -heamis
agent participle action comitative -hēmiin
abessive -tkeahttá
present indicative past indicative imperative
1st singular -han -hin
-hedjen
-hēhkon
2nd singular -hat -hit
-hedjet
-t
3rd singular -ha -hii -hēhkos
-hus
1st dual -hetne -heimme -headnu
2nd dual -heahppi -heidde -heahkki
3rd dual -heaba -heigga -hēhkoska
1st plural -hit
-hat
-heimmet -hēhkot
-heatnot
2nd plural -hēhpet -heiddet -hēhket
3rd plural -hit -he
-hedje
-hēhkoset
connegative -t -han -t
conditional 1 conditional 2 potential
1st singular -hivččen -heaččan
2nd singular -hivččet -heaččat
3rd singular -hivččii -heš
-heaš
-heažžá
1st dual -hivččiime -hežže
2nd dual -hivččiide -heažžabeahtti
3rd dual -hivččiiga -heažžaba
1st plural -hivččiimet -heažžat
2nd plural -hivččiidet -heažžabehtet
3rd plural -hivčče -hežžet
connegative -hivčče -heš
-heaš
-heačča

Derived termsEdit