AzerbaijaniEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From ilən, where the /l/ has been assimilated to the preceding consonant. Cognate with Gagauz -nän/-nan.

PronunciationEdit

Unstressed.

SuffixEdit

preceding vowel
A / I / O / U E / Ə / İ / Ö / Ü
postconsonantal -nan -nən
postvocalic -ynan -ynən

-nən (colloquial)

  1. with
    xoşbəxtliyi pulnan almaq mümkün deyilit's impossible to buy happiness with money
  2. by
    qatarnan getməkto go by train
Usage notesEdit
  • -nən/-nan is never used in texts of even little formality, although it can often be heard in educated speech. When written, it is used in informal correspondence such as internet communication. In all neutral, formal or official contexts, use ilə as a free morpheme or the suffixed -lə/-la.
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From -dən, where the /d/ has been assimilated by the preceding consonant.

PronunciationEdit

Stressed.

SuffixEdit

-nən

  1. Pronunciation spelling of -dən. (after <n> and <m>)
    sənnən bunu gözdəməzdim (pronunciation spelling)I didn't expect this from you
    ölümnən sonrakı həyat (pronunciation spelling)life after death