See also: nis, Nis, NIS, niś, niš, Niš, ñiś, and -niß

Contents

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch -nissi, -nussi, from Proto-Germanic *-nassuz.

SuffixEdit

-nis f ‎(plural -nissen)

  1. -ness

Usage notesEdit

The deverbal suffix -nis proved one of the most productive noun-forming suffixes in Dutch up until 16th century Dutch.[1] It was a deverbal noun former and formed with verbal stems, infinitives or participles. Nowaydays, the suffix -nis “-ness” is either no longer productive or at most marginally productive.

Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.tntl.nl/index.php/tntl/article/view/286/272

GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate to English -ness, see -ness for more.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-nis n ‎(genitive -nisses, plural -nisse)

  1. A suffix for deriving nouns from verbs or adjectives.
    hindern ‎(to hinder, to hamper) → Hindernis ‎(an obstacle)
    geheim ‎(secret, adjective) → Geheimnis ‎(a secret, noun)

Derived termsEdit

SuffixEdit

-nis f ‎(genitive -nis, plural -nisse)

  1. A suffix for deriving nouns from from verbs or adjectives, etymologically identical to the preceding.
    erlauben ‎(to permit) → Erlaubnis ‎(permission)
    finster ‎(dark) → Finsternis ‎(darkness)

Derived termsEdit

Usage notesEdit

There is no perfect rule to determine whether a noun with the suffix -nis is neuter (→ suffix 1) or feminine (→ suffix 2). The former may be concrete or abstract, whereas the latter are almost exclusively abstract.


Old EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

-nis f

  1. Used to form abstract nouns, usually from adjectives, denoting quality or state. See -nes
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