See also: nis, Nis, NIS, niś, niš, Niš, ñiś, and -niß

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch -nissi, -nussi, from Proto-West Germanic *-nassī.

SuffixEdit

-nis f (plural -nissen)

  1. -ness

Usage notesEdit

The deverbal suffix -nis proved one of the most productive noun-forming suffixes in Dutch up until 16th century Dutch.[1] It was a deverbal noun former and formed with verbal stems, infinitives or participles. Nowadays, the suffix -nis “-ness” is either no longer productive or at most marginally productive.

Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit


GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German -nisse, from Old High German -nissī f, -nissi n, from Proto-West Germanic *-nassī. Cognate to English -ness.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /nɪs/
  • (file)

SuffixEdit

-nis n (genitive -nisses, plural -nisse)

  1. A suffix for deriving nouns from verbs or adjectives.
    hindern (to hinder, to hamper)Hindernis (an obstacle)
    geheim (secret, adjective)Geheimnis (a secret, noun)

Derived termsEdit

SuffixEdit

-nis f (genitive -nis, plural -nisse)

  1. A suffix for deriving nouns from verbs or adjectives, etymologically identical to the preceding.
    erlauben (to permit)Erlaubnis (permission)
    finster (dark)Finsternis (darkness)

Usage notesEdit

There is no perfect rule to determine whether a noun with the suffix -nis is neuter (→ suffix 1) or feminine (→ suffix 2). The former may be concrete or abstract, whereas the latter are almost exclusively abstract.

Derived termsEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

SuffixEdit

-nis

  1. Alternative form of -nesse

ReferencesEdit


Old EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-nis

  1. Alternative form of -nes