Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also: nis, Nis, NIS, niś, niš, Niš, ñiś, and -niß

Contents

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch -nissi, -nussi, from Proto-Germanic *-nassuz.

SuffixEdit

-nis f (plural -nissen)

  1. -ness

Usage notesEdit

The deverbal suffix -nis proved one of the most productive noun-forming suffixes in Dutch up until 16th century Dutch.[1] It was a deverbal noun former and formed with verbal stems, infinitives or participles. Nowaydays, the suffix -nis “-ness” is either no longer productive or at most marginally productive.

Derived termsEdit


ReferencesEdit


GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Cognate to English -ness, see -ness for more.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-nis n (genitive -nisses, plural -nisse)

  1. A suffix for deriving nouns from verbs or adjectives.
    hindern (to hinder, to hamper)Hindernis (an obstacle)
    geheim (secret, adjective)Geheimnis (a secret, noun)

Derived termsEdit

SuffixEdit

-nis f (genitive -nis, plural -nisse)

  1. A suffix for deriving nouns from from verbs or adjectives, etymologically identical to the preceding.
    erlauben (to permit)Erlaubnis (permission)
    finster (dark)Finsternis (darkness)

Derived termsEdit

Usage notesEdit

There is no perfect rule to determine whether a noun with the suffix -nis is neuter (→ suffix 1) or feminine (→ suffix 2). The former may be concrete or abstract, whereas the latter are almost exclusively abstract.


Old EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

SuffixEdit

-nis f

  1. Used to form abstract nouns, usually from adjectives, denoting quality or state. See -nes