See also: ment

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English -ment, from Late Latin -amentum, from -mentum via Old French -ment.

SuffixEdit

-ment

  1. Used to form nouns from verbs, the nouns having the sense of "the action or result of what is denoted by the verb".

Usage notesEdit

Generally attached to stem without changes, except when the stem ends in -dge, where the -e is sometimes dropped, as in abridgment, acknowledgment, judgment, and lodgment, with the forms without -e being preferred in American English. Of these, judgment is the most significant, and usage varies globally; see Judgment: Spelling for discussion.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

-ent

TranslationsEdit

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Occitan, from Latin mente, ablative singular of mēns (mind).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ment

  1. Added to the feminine singular form of an adjective to form an adverb. Compare English -wise, -ly.

Usage notesEdit

In adverbs formed with the suffix -ment, two syllables are stressed: the syllable that was stressed in the original adjective, and the suffix. For example, ràpida (quick, feminine singular) yields ràpidament (quickly), which is stressed /ˌra.pi.ðə.ˈmen/, as if spelled ràpidamént.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Occitan, from Late Latin -mentum, from Latin -menta.

SuffixEdit

-ment

  1. Used to form nouns from verbs. Cognate with -ment.

Derived termsEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle French -ment, from Old French -ment, from Latin mente, ablative singular of mēns (mind). This Latin noun was feminine, which explains why adverbs formed with this suffix use the feminine form of the adjective; for example, vivement comes from vive (feminine form of vif) + -ment, and could be glossed as "in a lively spirit".

SuffixEdit

-ment

  1. Used to form adverbs (from the feminine form of an adjective), most of the time equivalent to the English -wise, -ly.
    rapide + ‎-ment → ‎rapidement
Usage notesEdit

With adjectives ending in -ant(e), -ent(e), the suffix combines with the ending to produce -amment, -emment (both pronounced /a.mɑ̃/).

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle French -ment, from Old French -ment, from Late Latin -mentum, from Latin -menta, from Proto-Indo-European *-mn̥ plus *-teh₂.

SuffixEdit

-ment

  1. Used to form nouns from verbs, usually indicating a resulting action or state. Equivalent to the English -ment.
    parer + ‎-ment → ‎parement
    abandonner + ‎-ment → ‎abandonnement
    manier + ‎-ment → ‎maniement

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Norwegian Bokmål: -ment

MalteseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sicilian -menti and Italian -mente, from Latin mens.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ment

  1. Forms adverbs form adjectives; -ly

Usage notesEdit

  • Generally restricted to adjectives of Romance origin, but occasional exceptions such as ħerqanament (eagerly) are attestable.

Middle EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French -ment, from Latin -mentum.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ment

  1. Forms nouns denoting a result or action from verbal roots; -ment.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Middle FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

SuffixEdit

-ment

  1. Used to form adverbs, most of the time equivalent to the English -wise, -ly.
  2. Used to form nouns from verbs, usually of action or state resulting of them. Equivalent to the English -ment.

DescendantsEdit


NormanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French, from Latin mente, the ablative singular of mēns (mind).

SuffixEdit

-ment

  1. used to form adverbs (from the feminine form of an adjective)

Derived termsEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Late Latin -mentum (instrument, medium, or result of), from -menta, from Proto-Indo-European *-mn̥teh₂, from *-mn̥ (creates action nouns or result nouns) + *-teh₂ (forms nouns representing state of being).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /mɛnt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛnt
  • Hyphenation: -ment

SuffixEdit

-ment (definite singular neuter -mentet or definite singular masculine -menten, indefinite plural -ment or -menter, definite plural -mentene or -menta)

  1. Used to form nouns from verbal stems, often denoting an action, means or state; -ment
    dokument, eksperiment, fundament, instrument, medikament, pigmentdocument, experiment, foundation, instrument, drug, pigment

Etymology 2Edit

From French -ment, from Middle French -ment, from Old French -ment, from Late Latin -mentum (instrument, medium, or result of), from -menta, from Proto-Indo-European *-mn̥teh₂, from *-mn̥ (creates action nouns or result nouns) + *-teh₂ (forms nouns representing state of being).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ment (definite singular neuter -mentet or definite singular masculine -menten, indefinite plural -ment or -menter, definite plural -mentene or -menta)

  1. Used to form nouns often denoting action, means or state; -ment
    abonnement, arrangement, bombardement, resonnement, signalementsubscription, event, bombardment, reasoning, signaling

ReferencesEdit

  • “-ment” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).
  • -ment” in Store norske leksikon

AnagramsEdit


OccitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Occitan, from Late Latin -mentum, from Latin -menta.

SuffixEdit

-ment

  1. -ly (used to form adverbs from adjectives)
  2. -ment; suffix used to form nouns

Derived termsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin mente, ablative singular of mēns (mind).

SuffixEdit

-ment

  1. Used to form adverbs, most of the time equivalent to the English -wise, -ly.
    Example: hastivement

DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-ment

  1. Used to form nouns from verbs, usually of action or state resulting of them. Equivalent to the English -ment.
    Example: bastissement

DescendantsEdit


SwedishEdit

SuffixEdit

-ment

  1. -ment; form nouns from verbs. See also -mang.

Derived termsEdit