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See also: ment

Contents

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Late Latin -amentum, from -mentum via Old French -ment.

SuffixEdit

-ment

  1. Used to form nouns from verbs, the nouns having the sense of "the action or result of what is denoted by the verb".

Usage notesEdit

Generally attached to stem without changes, except when the stem ends in -dge, where the -e is sometimes dropped, as in abridgment, acknowledgment, judgment, and lodgment, with the forms without -e being preferred in American English. Of these, judgment is the most significant, and usage varies globally; see Judgment: Spelling for discussion.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit



CatalanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Provençal, from Latin mente, ablative singular of mēns (mind).

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ment

  1. Added to the feminine singular form of an adjective to form an adverb. Compare English -wise, -ly.

Usage notesEdit

In adverbs formed with the suffix -ment, two syllables are stressed: the syllable that was stressed in the original adjective, and the suffix. For example, ràpida (quick, feminine singular) yields ràpidament (quickly), which is stressed /ˌra.pi.ðə.ˈmen/, as if spelled ràpidamént.

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Provençal, from Late Latin -mentum, from Latin -menta.

SuffixEdit

-ment

  1. Used to form nouns from verbs. Cognate with -ment.

Derived termsEdit



FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle French -ment, from Old French -ment, from Latin mente, ablative singular of mēns (mind). This Latin noun was feminine, which explains why adverbs formed with this suffix use the feminine form of the adjective; for example, vivement comes from vive (feminine form of vif) + -ment, and could be glossed as "in a lively spirit".

SuffixEdit

-ment

  1. Used to form adverbs (from the feminine form of an adjective), most of the time equivalent to the English -wise, -ly.
    rapide + ‎-ment → ‎rapidement
Usage notesEdit

With adjectives ending in -ant(e), -ent(e), the suffix combines with the ending to produce -amment, -emment (both pronounced /a.mɑ̃/).

Derived termsEdit


Etymology 2Edit

From Middle French -ment, from Old French -ment, from Late Latin -mentum, from Latin -menta, from Proto-Indo-European *-men- plus *-teh₂-.

SuffixEdit

-ment

  1. Used to form nouns from verbs, usually of action or state resulting of them. Equivalent to the English -ment.
    parer + ‎-ment → ‎parement
    abandonner + ‎-ment → ‎abandonnement
    manier + ‎-ment → ‎maniement

Derived termsEdit



Middle FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

SuffixEdit

-ment

  1. Used to form adverbs, most of the time equivalent to the English -wise, -ly.
  2. Used to form nouns from verbs, usually of action or state resulting of them. Equivalent to the English -ment.

DescendantsEdit


NormanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French, from Latin mente, the ablative singular of mēns (mind).

SuffixEdit

-ment

  1. used to form adverbs (from the feminine form of an adjective)

Derived termsEdit



OccitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Provençal, from Late Latin -mentum, from Latin -menta.

SuffixEdit

-ment

  1. -ment; suffix used to form nouns

Derived termsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin mente, ablative singular of mēns (mind).

SuffixEdit

-ment

  1. Used to form adverbs, most of the time equivalent to the English -wise, -ly.
    Example: hastivement

DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

SuffixEdit

-ment

  1. Used to form nouns from verbs, usually of action or state resulting of them. Equivalent to the English -ment.
    Example: bastissement

DescendantsEdit


SwedishEdit

SuffixEdit

-ment

  1. -ment; form nouns from verbs. See also -mang.

Derived termsEdit