See also: onc, ONC, and -önc

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

[1786] Inferred incorrectly by the neologists from other words as a suffix. Created during the Hungarian language reform which took place in the 18th–19th centuries.[1]

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-onc

  1. (noun-forming suffix) Added to a word to form a noun denoting a person.
    udvar (court)udvaronc (courtier)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative -onc -oncok
accusative -oncot -oncokat
dative -oncnak -oncoknak
instrumental -onccal -oncokkal
causal-final -oncért -oncokért
translative -onccá -oncokká
terminative -oncig -oncokig
essive-formal -oncként -oncokként
essive-modal -oncul
inessive -oncban -oncokban
superessive -oncon -oncokon
adessive -oncnál -oncoknál
illative -oncba -oncokba
sublative -oncra -oncokra
allative -onchoz -oncokhoz
elative -oncból -oncokból
delative -oncról -oncokról
ablative -onctól -oncoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
-oncé -oncoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
-oncéi -oncokéi
Possessive forms of -onc
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. -oncom -oncaim
2nd person sing. -oncod -oncaid
3rd person sing. -onca -oncai
1st person plural -oncunk -oncaink
2nd person plural -oncotok -oncaitok
3rd person plural -oncuk -oncaik

Usage notesEdit

  • (noun-forming suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -onc is added to back vowel words
    új (new)újonc (novice)
    -enc is added to unrounded front vowel words
    kedv (mood)kedvenc (favorite)
    -önc is added to rounded front vowel words
    küld (to send)küldönc (courier)

Derived termsEdit


See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN