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Appendix:Hungarian possessive suffixes

Suffix TableEdit

See also Possessive suffixes in Wikipedia.

Possessor Single possession Multiple possessions
Single possessor 1st person -m/-om/-am/-em/-öm -im/-aim/-eim/-jaim/-jeim
2nd person (informal) -d/-od/-ad/-ed/-öd -id/-aid/-eid/-jaid/-jeid
3rd person
2nd person (formal)
-a/-e/-ja/-je -i/-ai/-ei/-jai/-jei
Plural possessor 1st person -nk/-unk/-ünk -ink/-aink/-eink/-jaink/-jeink
2nd person (informal) -tok/-tek/-tök/-otok/-atok/-etek/-ötök -itok/-itek/-aitok/-eitek/-jaitok/-jeitek
3rd person -uk/-ük/-juk/-jük -ik/-aik/-eik/-jaik/-jeik

ExamplesEdit

-mEdit

Final vowel aEdit

The final vowel a changes to á when the possessive suffixes are added:

kutya (dog)kutyá + suffix
Possessor Single possession Multiple possessions
Single possessor 1st person a(z én) kutyám
my dog
a(z én) kutyáim
my dogs
2nd person (informal) a (te) kutyád
your (singular, informal) dog
a (te) kutyáid
your (singular, informal) dogs
3rd person
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) kutyája
his/her/its dog
a (maga/az ön) kutyája
your (singular, formal) dog
a(z ő) kutyái
his/her/its dogs
a (maga/az ön) kutyái
your (singular, formal) dogs
Plural possessor 1st person a (mi) kutyánk
our dog
a (mi) kutyáink
our dogs
2nd person (informal) a (ti) kutyátok
your (plural, informal) dog
a (ti) kutyáitok
your (plural, informal) dogs
3rd person
(Note: ő is used instead of ők)
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) kutyájuk
their dog
a (maguk/az önök) kutyája (!)
your (plural, formal) dog
a(z ő) kutyáik
their dogs
a (maguk/az önök) kutyái (!)
your (plural, formal) dogs

Final vowel eEdit

The final vowel e changes to é when the possessive suffixes are added:

zene (music)zené + suffix
Possessor Single possession Multiple possessions
Single possessor 1st person a(z én) zeném
my music
a(z én) zenéim
my musics
2nd person (informal) a (te) zenéd
your (singular, informal) music
a (te) zenéid
your (singular, informal) musics
3rd person
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) zenéje
his/her/its music
a (maga/az ön) zenéje
your (singular, formal) music
a(z ő) zenéi
his/her/its musics
a (maga/az ön) zenéi
your (singular, formal) musics
Plural possessor 1st person a (mi) zenénk
our music
a (mi) zenéink
our musics
2nd person (informal) a (ti) zenétek
your (plural, informal) music
a (ti) zenéitek
your (plural, informal) musics
3rd person
(Note: ő is used instead of ők)
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) zenéjük
their music
a (maguk/az önök) zenéje (!)
your (plural, formal) music
a(z ő) zenéik
their musics
a (maguk/az önök) zenéi (!)
your (plural, formal) musics

Final vowel uEdit

Possessor Single possession Multiple possessions
Single possessor 1st person a(z én) kapum
my gate
a(z én) kapuim
my gates
2nd person (informal) a (te) kapud
your (singular, informal) gate
a (te) kapuid
your (singular, informal) gates
3rd person
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) kapuja
his/her/its gate
a (maga/az ön) kapuja
your (singular, formal) gate
a(z ő) kapui
his/her/its gates
a (maga/az ön) kapui
your (singular, formal) gates
Plural possessor 1st person a (mi) kapunk
our gate
a (mi) kapuink
our gates
2nd person (informal) a (ti) kaputok
your (plural, informal) gate
a (ti) kapuitok
your (plural, informal) gates
3rd person
(Note: ő is used instead of ők)
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) kapujuk
their gate
a (maguk/az önök) kapuja (!)
your (plural, formal) gate
a(z ő) kapuik
their gates
a (maguk/az önök) kapui (!)
your (plural, formal) gates

Final vowel iEdit

Possessor Single possession Multiple possessions
Single possessor 1st person a(z én) kocsim
my car
a(z én) kocsijaim
my cars
2nd person (informal) a (te) kocsid
your (singular, informal) car
a (te) kocsijaid
your (singular, informal) cars
3rd person
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) kocsija
his/her/its car
a (maga/az ön) kocsija
your (singular, formal) car
a(z ő) kocsijai
his/her/its cars
a (maga/az ön) kocsijai
your (singular, formal) cars
Plural possessor 1st person a (mi) kocsink
our car
a (mi) kocsijaink
our cars
2nd person (informal) a (ti) kocsitok
your (plural, informal) car
a (ti) kocsijaitok
your (plural, informal) cars
3rd person
(Note: ő is used instead of ők)
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) kocsijuk
their car
a (maguk/az önök) kocsija (!)
your (plural, formal) car
a(z ő) kocsijaik
their cars
a (maguk/az önök) kocsijai (!)
your (plural, formal) cars

-omEdit

Possessor Single possession Multiple possessions
Single possessor 1st person a(z én) bankom
my bank
a(z én) bankjaim
my banks
2nd person (informal) a (te) bankod
your (singular, informal) bank
a (te) bankjaid
your (singular, informal) banks
3rd person
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) bankja
his/her/its bank
a (maga/az ön) bankja
your (singular, formal) bank
a(z ő) bankjai
his/her/its banks
a (maga/az ön) bankjai
your (singular, formal) banks
Plural possessor 1st person a (mi) bankunk
our bank
a (mi) bankjaink
our banks
2nd person (informal) a (ti) bankotok
your (plural, informal) bank
a (ti) bankjaitok
your (plural, informal) banks
3rd person
(Note: ő is used instead of ők)
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) bankjuk
their bank
a (maguk/az önök) bankja (!)
your (plural, formal) bank
a(z ő) bankjaik
their banks
a (maguk/az önök) bankjai (!)
your (plural, formal) banks

-amEdit

Possessor Single possession Multiple possessions
Single possessor 1st person a(z én) házam
my house
a(z én) házaim
my houses
2nd person (informal) a (te) házad
your (singular, informal) house
a (te) házaid
your (singular, informal) houses
3rd person
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) háza
his/her/its house
a (maga/az ön) háza
your (singular, formal) house
a(z ő) házai
his/her/its houses
a (maga/az ön) házai
your (singular, formal) houses
Plural possessor 1st person a (mi) házunk
our house
a (mi) házaink
our houses
2nd person (informal) a (ti) házatok
your (plural, informal) house
a (ti) házaitok
your (plural, informal) houses
3rd person
(Note: ő is used instead of ők)
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) házuk
their house
a (maguk/az önök) háza (!)
your (plural, formal) house
a(z ő) házaik
their houses
a (maguk/az önök) házai (!)
your (plural, formal) houses

-emEdit

Possessor Single possession Multiple possessions
Single possessor 1st person a(z én) kertem
my garden
a(z én) kertjeim
my gardens
2nd person (informal) a (te) kerted
your (singular, informal) garden
a (te) kertjeid
your (singular, informal) gardens
3rd person
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) kertje
his/her/its garden
a (maga/az ön) kertje
your (singular, formal) garden
a(z ő) kertjei
his/her/its gardens
a (maga/az ön) kertjei
your (singular, formal) gardens
Plural possessor 1st person a (mi) kertünk
our garden
a (mi) kertjeink
our gardens
2nd person (informal) a (ti) kertetek
your (plural, informal) garden
a (ti) kertjeitek
your (plural, informal) gardens
3rd person
(Note: ő is used instead of ők)
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) kertjük
their garden
a (maguk/az önök) kertje (!)
your (plural, formal) garden
a(z ő) kertjeik
their gardens
a (maguk/az önök) kertjei (!)
your (plural, formal) gardens

-ömEdit

Possessor Single possession Multiple possessions
Single possessor 1st person a(z én) köröm
my circle
a(z én) köreim
my circles
2nd person (informal) a (te) köröd
your (singular, informal) circle
a (te) köreid
your (singular, informal) circles
3rd person
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) köre
his/her/its circle
a (maga/az ön) köre
your (singular, formal) circle
a(z ő) körei
his/her/its circles
a (maga/az ön) körei
your (singular, formal) circles
Plural possessor 1st person a (mi) körünk
our circle
a (mi) köreink
our circles
2nd person (informal) a (ti) körötök
your (plural, informal) circle
a (ti) köreitek
your (plural, informal) circles
3rd person
(Note: ő is used instead of ők)
and
2nd person (formal)
a(z ő) körük
their circle
a (maguk/az önök) köre (!)
your (plural, formal) circle
a(z ő) köreik
their circles
a (maguk/az önök) körei (!)
your (plural, formal) circles