Appendix:Italian pronunciation

See Italian phonology at Wikipedia for a thorough look at the sounds of Italian. In addition, the Wikipedia help page for IPA for Italian has some useful English approximations.

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-
dental
Dental/
Alveolar
Palato-
alveolar
Palatal Velar
Nasal /m/ invalid IPA characters ([:B_//]), replace : with ː ɱ invalid IPA characters ([:L_]), replace : with ː /n/ invalid IPA characters ([:A_//]), replace : with ː n̠ʲ obsolete or nonstandard characters (P), invalid IPA characters ([:P_]), replace : with ː /ɲ/ obsolete or nonstandard characters (P), invalid IPA characters ([:P_//]), replace : with ː ŋ invalid IPA characters ([:V_]), replace : with ː
Stop /p/ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//]), replace : with ː/b/ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//]), replace : with ː /t/ t̪ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//]), replace : with ː/d/ d̪ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//]), replace : with ː invalid IPA characters ([:V__]), replace : with ːɡ̟ invalid IPA characters ([:V__]), replace : with ː /k/ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//]), replace : with ː/ɡ/ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//]), replace : with ː
Affricate /ts/ t̪͡s̪ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//]), replace : with ː/dz/ d̪͡z̪ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//]), replace : with ː /tʃ/ t͡ʃ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//]), replace : with ː/dʒ/ d͡ʒ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//]), replace : with ː
Fricative /f/ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//]), replace : with ː/v/ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//]), replace : with ː /s/ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//]), replace : with ː/z/ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//]), replace : with ː /ʃ/ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//]), replace : with ː
Approximant /j/ obsolete or nonstandard characters (P), invalid IPA characters ([:P_//]), replace : with ː /w/ invalid IPA characters ([:L_//]), replace : with ː
Lateral /l/ invalid IPA characters ([:A_//]), replace : with ː l̠ʲ obsolete or nonstandard characters (P), invalid IPA characters ([:P__]), replace : with ː /ʎ/ obsolete or nonstandard characters (P), invalid IPA characters ([:P_//]), replace : with ː
Trill /r/ invalid IPA characters ([:V__//]), replace : with ː

VowelsEdit

Front Back
Close /i/ invalid IPA characters ([:C___//]), replace : with ː /u/ invalid IPA characters ([:C___//]), replace : with ː
Close-mid /e/ invalid IPA characters ([:C___//]), replace : with ː /o/ invalid IPA characters ([:C___//]), replace : with ː
Open-mid /ɛ/ invalid IPA characters ([:O___//]), replace : with ː /ɔ/ invalid IPA characters ([:O___//]), replace : with ː
Open /a/ ä invalid IPA characters ([:O___//]), replace : with ː

SuprasegmentalsEdit

Symbol Meaning
ˈ invalid IPA characters ([:g]), replace : with ː, g with ɡ Primary stress
ˌ invalid IPA characters ([:]), replace : with ː Secondary stress
ː invalid IPA characters ([:g]), replace : with ː, g with ɡ Long vowel or
geminated consonant[1]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Consonant gemination may also be transcribed by doubling the IPA symbol (e.g. cotto /ˈkɔtto/~/ˈkɔtːo/). Also, Italian features syntactic gemination: è buono /ɛ‿bˈbwɔːno/.