See also: Stop and stóp

Translingual edit

Etymology edit

From English full stop.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

stop

  1. (international standards) ITU & IMO radiotelephony clear code (spelling-alphabet name) for full stop.

English edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English stoppen, stoppien, from Old English stoppian (to stop, close), from Proto-West Germanic *stoppōn, from Proto-Germanic *stuppōną (to stop, close), *stuppijaną (to push, pierce, prick), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)tewp-, *(s)tewb- (to push; stick), from *(s)tew- (to bump; impact; butt; push; beat; strike; hit). Cognate with Saterland Frisian stopje (to stop, block), West Frisian stopje (to stop), Dutch stoppen (to stop), Low German stoppen (to stop), German stopfen (to be filling, stuff), German stoppen (to stop), Danish stoppe (to stop), Swedish stoppa (to stop), Icelandic stoppa (to stop), Middle High German stupfen, stüpfen (to pierce). More at stuff, stump.

Alternative etymology derives Proto-West Germanic *stoppōn from an assumed Vulgar Latin *stūpāre, *stuppāre (to stop up with tow), from stūpa, stīpa, stuppa (tow, flax, oakum), from Ancient Greek στύπη (stúpē), στύππη (stúppē, tow, flax, oakum). This derivation, however, is doubtful, as the earliest instances of the Germanic verb do not carry the meaning of "stuff, stop with tow". Rather, these senses developed later in response to influence from similar sounding words in Latin and Romance.[1]

Verb edit

stop (third-person singular simple present stops, present participle stopping, simple past and past participle stopped)

  1. (intransitive) To cease moving.
    I stopped at the traffic lights.
  2. (intransitive) Not to continue.
    The riots stopped when police moved in.
    Soon the rain will stop.
    • 1918, W[illiam] B[abington] Maxwell, chapter V, in The Mirror and the Lamp, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, →OCLC:
      Then everybody once more knelt, and soon the blessing was pronounced. The choir and the clergy trooped out slowly, [] , down the nave to the western door. [] At a seemingly immense distance the surpliced group stopped to say the last prayer.
  3. (transitive) To cause (something) to cease moving or progressing.
    The sight of the armed men stopped him in his tracks.
    This guy is a fraudster. I need to stop the cheque I wrote him.
    • 2013 June 1, “Ideas coming down the track”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8838, page 13 (Technology Quarterly):
      A “moving platform” scheme [] is more technologically ambitious than maglev trains even though it relies on conventional rails. [] This set-up solves several problems […]. Stopping high-speed trains wastes energy and time, so why not simply slow them down enough for a moving platform to pull alongside?
  4. (transitive) To cease; to no longer continue (doing something).
    One of the wrestlers suddenly stopped fighting.
    Please stop telling me those terrible jokes.
  5. (transitive) To cause (something) to come to an end.
    The referees stopped the fight.
  6. (causative, transitive, chiefly UK) To end someone else's activity.
    • 1988, Jeanne Willis, Tony Ross, Dr Xargle's Book of Earthlets:
      When they have finished the milk they must be patted and squeezed to stop them exploding.
  7. (transitive) To close or block an opening.
    He stopped the wound with gauze.
  8. (transitive, intransitive, photography, often with "up" or "down") To adjust the aperture of a camera lens.
    To achieve maximum depth of field, he stopped down to an f-stop of 22.
  9. (intransitive) To stay; to spend a short time; to reside or tarry temporarily.
    to stop with a friend
    He stopped for two weeks at the inn.
    He stopped at his friend's house before continuing with his drive.
    • 1887, R. D. Blackmore, Springhaven:
      by stopping at home till the money was gone
    • 1931, E. F. Benson, chapter 7, in Mapp & Lucia[1]:
      She’s not going away. She’s going to stop here forever.
  10. (music) To regulate the sounds of (musical strings, etc.) by pressing them against the fingerboard with the finger, or otherwise shortening the vibrating part.
  11. (obsolete) To punctuate.
  12. (nautical) To make fast; to stopper.
  13. (phonetics, transitive) To pronounce (a phoneme) as a stop.
  14. (finance, transitive) To delay the purchase or sale of (a stock) while agreeing the price for later.
    • 1952, Charles Amos Dice, Wilford John Eiteman, The Stock Market, page 144:
      It will be noted that the specialist would have refused to stop the stock for broker X if he (the specialist) had only one order to sell at 85.
Usage notes edit
  • This is a catenative verb that takes the gerund -ing to indicate the ending action (stop thinking), or the to infinitive to indicate the purpose of the interruption (stop to think). See Appendix:English catenative verbs for more information.
  • When used causatively, the verb can either be followed directly by its dependent clause (for example, to stop them exploding) or take a helper word, usually from, before the clause (to stop them from exploding). The former usage is more common in Britain, and the latter usage more common in America.
Synonyms edit
Antonyms edit
Hyponyms edit
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Finnish: stop
  • French: stop
  • Greek: στοπ (stop)
  • Hungarian: stop
  • Irish: stop
  • Italian: stop
  • Latvian: stop
  • Ottoman Turkish: ⁧استوپ(istop)
  • Polish: stop
  • Portuguese: stop
  • Russian: стоп (stop)
  • Spanish: stop
  • Welsh: stopio
  • Tok Pisin: stap
Translations edit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun edit

stop (plural stops)

  1. A (usually marked) place where buses, trams or trains halt to let passengers get on and off, usually smaller than a station.
    Related terms: halt, station.
    They agreed to meet at the bus stop.
  2. An action of stopping; interruption of travel.
    That stop was not planned.
  3. That which stops, impedes, or obstructs; an obstacle; an impediment.
    • 1595, Samuel Daniel, “(please specify the folio number)”, in The First Fowre Bookes of the Ciuile Wars between the Two Houses of Lancaster and Yorke, London: [] P[eter] Short for Simon Waterson, →OCLC:
      A fatal stop trauerst their headlong course
    • a. 1729, John Rogers, The Advantages of conversing with good Men:
      So melancholy a prospect should inspire us with zeal to oppose some stop to the rising torrent.
  4. A device intended to block the path of a moving object
    door stop
    1. (engineering) A device, or piece, as a pin, block, pawl, etc., for arresting or limiting motion, or for determining the position to which another part shall be brought.
    2. (architecture) A member, plain or moulded, formed of a separate piece and fixed to a jamb, against which a door or window shuts.
  5. (linguistics) A consonant sound in which the passage of air is temporarily blocked by the lips, tongue, or glottis.
    Synonyms: plosive, occlusive
  6. A symbol used for purposes of punctuation and representing a pause or separating clauses, particularly a full stop, comma, colon or semicolon.
  7. (music) A knob or pin used to regulate the flow of air in an organ.
    The organ is loudest when all the stops are pulled.
  8. (music) One of the vent-holes in a wind instrument, or the place on the wire of a stringed instrument, by the stopping or pressing of which certain notes are produced.
  9. (tennis) A very short shot which touches the ground close behind the net and is intended to bounce as little as possible.
  10. (soccer) A save; preventing the opposition from scoring a goal
    • 2021 May 15, Phil McNulty, “Chelsea 0-1 Leicester”, in BBC Sport[2]:
      The Foxes were indebted to two crucial saves from keeper Kasper Schmeichel, who turned former Leicester defender Ben Chilwell's header on to a post then produced an even better stop to turn Mason Mount's powerful shot wide.
  11. (zoology) The depression in a dog’s face between the skull and the nasal bones.
    The stop in a bulldog's face is very marked.
  12. A marking on a rabbit's hind foot.
    The American Rabbit Breeders Association holds that the stops of a Dutch rabbit should be white from the toes to one third of the way along the foot.
  13. (photography) A part of a photographic system that reduces the amount of light.
  14. (photography) A unit of exposure corresponding to a doubling of the brightness of an image.
  15. (photography) An f-stop.
  16. The diaphragm used in optical instruments to cut off the marginal portions of a beam of light passing through lenses.
  17. (fencing) A coup d'arret, or stop thrust.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
References edit
  1. ^ The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia, "stop".

Punctuation mark edit

stop

  1. Used to indicate the end of a sentence in a telegram.
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Middle English stoppe, from Old English stoppa (bucket, pail, a stop), from Proto-Germanic *stuppô (vat, vessel), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)teub- (to push, hit; stick, stump). See stoup.

Noun edit

stop (plural stops)

  1. (UK dialectal) A small well-bucket; a milk-pail.
Translations edit

Etymology 3 edit

s- +‎ top

Noun edit

stop (plural stops)

  1. (physics) The squark that is the superpartner of a top quark.
    • 2016, ATLAS Collaboration, “Search for pair production of gluinos decaying via stop and sbottom in events with  -jets and large missing transverse momentum in   collisions at   TeV with the ATLAS detector”, in arXiv[3]:
      For neutralino masses below approximately 700 GeV, gluino masses of less than 1.78 TeV and 1.76 TeV are excluded at the 95% CL in simplified models of the pair production of gluinos decaying via sbottom and stop, respectively.

Anagrams edit

Czech edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from English stop.

Noun edit

stop m inan

  1. hitchhiking
    Synonym: autostop
  2. (sports) suspension
    Za hrubý faul dostal stop na čtyři zápasy.He received a four-match suspension for a serious foul.
Declension edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun edit

stop

  1. genitive plural of stopa

Verb edit

stop

  1. second-person singular imperative of stopit

Further reading edit

  • stop in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • stop in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish edit

Verb edit

stop

  1. imperative of stoppe

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle Dutch stoppe. See the verb stoppen.

Noun edit

stop m (plural stoppen, diminutive stopje n)

  1. An action of stopping, cessation.
  2. A plug for a sink, a stopper.
  3. An electric fuse.
    Synonyms: smeltstop, zekering
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb edit

stop

  1. inflection of stoppen:
    1. first-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

Anagrams edit

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

From English stop.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈstop/, [ˈs̠to̞p]
  • Rhymes: -op
  • Syllabification(key): stop

Interjection edit

stop

  1. stop (halt)
  2. stop (end-of-sentence indicator in telegrams)

Synonyms edit

Further reading edit

French edit

Etymology edit

1792. Borrowed from English stop.

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

stop!

  1. stop!

Noun edit

stop m (uncountable)

  1. stop sign
  2. hitchhiking

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Hungarian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English stop.

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

stop

  1. halt! stop!

Punctuation mark edit

stop

  1. stop (used to indicate the end of a sentence in a telegram)

Noun edit

stop (plural stopok)

  1. (colloquial) stop sign (a red sign on the side of a street instructing vehicles to stop)
    Nem állt meg a stopnál.He ran the stop sign.
  2. (colloquial) hitchhike (an act of hitchhiking, trying to get a ride in a passing vehicle while standing at the side of a road)

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative stop stopok
accusative stopot stopokat
dative stopnak stopoknak
instrumental stoppal stopokkal
causal-final stopért stopokért
translative stoppá stopokká
terminative stopig stopokig
essive-formal stopként stopokként
essive-modal
inessive stopban stopokban
superessive stopon stopokon
adessive stopnál stopoknál
illative stopba stopokba
sublative stopra stopokra
allative stophoz stopokhoz
elative stopból stopokból
delative stopról stopokról
ablative stoptól stopoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
stopé stopoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
stopéi stopokéi
Possessive forms of stop
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. stopom stopjaim
2nd person sing. stopod stopjaid
3rd person sing. stopja stopjai
1st person plural stopunk stopjaink
2nd person plural stopotok stopjaitok
3rd person plural stopjuk stopjaik

Derived terms edit

Indonesian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch stop, Middle Dutch stoppe, from Middle Dutch stoppen, from Old Dutch *stoppon, from Proto-West Germanic *stoppōn. Doublet of setop.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈst̪ɔp̚]
  • Hyphenation: stop

Verb edit

stop (first-person possessive stopku, second-person possessive stopmu, third-person possessive stopnya)

  1. to stop
    Synonyms: berhenti, terhenti

Affixed terms edit

Further reading edit

Irish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English stop, from Middle English stoppen, from Old English stoppian (to stop, close).

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

stop (present analytic stopann, future analytic stopfaidh, verbal noun stopadh, past participle stoptha)

  1. to stop

Conjugation edit

Synonyms edit

Noun edit

stop m (genitive singular stop, nominative plural stopanna)

  1. a stop (place to get on and off line buses or trams; interruption of travel; device to block path)

Declension edit

Synonyms edit

Further reading edit

Italian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English stop.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈstɔp/
  • Rhymes: -ɔp
  • Hyphenation: stòp

Interjection edit

stop

  1. stop!, halt!

Noun edit

stop m

  1. stop (roadsign; bus stop etc.; block)

Anagrams edit

Latvian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English stop.

Interjection edit

stop!

  1. stop!, halt!

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Deverbal from stopić.

Noun edit

stop m inan

  1. (chemistry) an alloy; a mixture of metals
    Synonyms: (archaic) aliaż, (obsolete) aligacja
    Mosiądz jest stopem miedzi i cynku.Brass is an alloy of copper and zinc.
Declension edit

Verb edit

stop

  1. second-person singular imperative of stopić

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from English stop.

Interjection edit

stop

  1. cool your heels!, cool your jets!, hold your horses!, stop!, whoa! (slow down)
    Synonyms: hola, wolnego, z wolna
  2. stop!, whoa! (you should not have done/said that)
    Synonyms: hola, wolnego, z wolna

Noun edit

stop m inan

  1. a stop sign
    Jechał dalej, bo nie zauważył stopu.
    He continued to drive because he hadn't noticed the stop sign.
  2. (colloquial) a vehicle's brake light
    Uderzyłam w niego, bo nie zaświecił mu się stop i nie wiedziałam, że ostro hamuje.
    I hit his car because his brake light didn't flash and I didn't know he was braking hard.
  3. (colloquial) hitchhiking
    Często podróżuję na stopa.
    I often hitchhike.

Related terms edit

adjectives
nouns

Further reading edit

  • stop in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • stop in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese edit

Etymology edit

Unadapted borrowing from English stop.

Pronunciation edit

 

Noun edit

stop m (plural stops)

  1. stop (function or button that causes a device to stop operating)
  2. (uncountable) a game in which the players write on paper one word from each category (animal, fruit, etc.), all beginning with the same letter, as quickly as possible. In Spanish: tutti frutti
    Synonym: adedanha
  3. (stock market) stop loss order (order to close one’s position if the market drops to a specified price level)
  4. (Brazil, colloquial) stop; end (the act of putting a stop to something)
    Precisamos dar um stop na nossa preguiça.
    We need to put an end to our laziness.
  5. (Portugal) stop sign
    Ia sendo atropelado, porque o condutor não parou no stop.I was almost run over because the driver did not stop at the stop sign.

Interjection edit

stop!

  1. said by a player of the game of stop to cease the current turn, after which the players count how many words they wrote

See also edit

  • CEP (acronym of "cidade, estado, país", meaning "city, state, country", a category in the game of stop)

Further reading edit

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French stop, from English stop.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

stop n (uncountable)

  1. stop

Declension edit

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

Unadapted borrowing from English stop.

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

stop

  1. stop

Usage notes edit

According to Royal Spanish Academy (RAE) prescriptions, unadapted foreign words should be written in italics in a text printed in roman type, and vice versa, and in quotation marks in a manuscript text or when italics are not available. In practice, this RAE prescription is not always followed.

Further reading edit

Swedish edit

Etymology edit

From Old Norse staup (small glass for liquor).

Noun edit

stop n

  1. beer mug, stein
  2. stoup

Declension edit

Declension of stop 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative stop stopet stop stopen
Genitive stops stopets stops stopens

Synonyms edit

Anagrams edit