Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/peḱ-

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This entry contains Proto-Indo-European reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

RootEdit

*peḱ-

  1. to pluck (wool, hair)

Derived termsEdit

  • *poḱ-s-om
    • Germanic: *fahsą
    • Indo-Iranian:
      • Indo-Aryan:
        • Sanskrit: पक्ष्मन् (pakṣman, eyelash)
      • Iranian:
        • Persian: پشم (pašm, wool)
  • *peḱ-t-, *pḱ-t-én (comb)
    • Germanic: *fehtaną (to fight)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: πέκτω (péktō), to shear (pektéō)
    • Italic:
      • Latin: pectō (to comb)
  • *peḱu- (what is plucked, livestock, wealth)
  • Other formations:
    • Baltic:
      • Lithuanian: pešù, pèšti (to pluck, tear (of hair)), iterative pašýti (to brawl)
    • Germanic:
      • Old Norse: fær (sheep)
        • Danish: får
        • Faroese: fár, før- (only attested in two words and their derivatives: Føroyar (Faroe Islands), førilús (sheep ked))
        • Swedish: får
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: πέκος (pékos), πόκος (pókos, fleece)
      • Ancient Greek: πέκω (pékō, to comb) (from *pkten)
      • Ancient Greek: κτείς (kteís, comb)

RootEdit

*peḱ-

  1. to make pretty, to be joyful

Derived termsEdit

  • Baltic:
    • Lithuanian: púošiu (adorn)
  • Celtic:
    • Middle Irish: perhaps āil (pleasant)
  • Germanic:
    • Old English: gefēon (to be glad)
    • Old English: fægen (glad)
    • Old High German: gifehan (to be glad)
    • Old Norse: feginn
    • Old Norse: fága (adorn, polish)
    • Gothic: 𐍆𐌰𐌷𐌴𐌸𐍃 (fahēþs, joy)
Last modified on 9 March 2014, at 14:39