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From Middle English welth, welthe, weolthe (happiness, prosperity), from Old English *welþ, *weleþu, from Proto-Germanic *waliþō (wealth). Alternatively, possibly an alteration (due to similar words in -th: compare helth (health), derth (dearth)) of wele (wealth, well-being, weal), from Old English wela (wealth, prosperity), from Proto-Germanic *walô (well-being, prosperity), from Proto-Indo-European *wel- (good, best); equivalent to weal +‎ -th. Cognate with Dutch weelde (wealth), Low German weelde (wealth), Old High German welida, welitha (wealth). Related also to German Wohl (welfare, well-being, weal), Danish vel (weal, welfare), Swedish väl (well-being, weal). More at weal, well.


  • IPA(key): /wɛlθ/, [wɛl̪θ]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛlθ


wealth (usually uncountable, plural wealths)

  1. (economics) Riches; valuable material possessions.
  2. A great amount; an abundance or plenty.
    She brings a wealth of knowledge to the project.
    • 2018 July 3, Ian Sample, “Routine DNA tests will put NHS at the 'forefront of medicine'”, in The Guardian[1]:
      Beyond its aim to bring patients the most effective treatments faster, the service is expected to generate a wealth of data on the interplay between DNA, health and lifestyles, which will become a powerful tool for research into cancer and other diseases.
  3. (obsolete) Prosperity; well-being; happiness.


Derived termsEdit


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Further readingEdit