From Old English halh-gefeaxe (literally “grassy corner”), compounded from halh + gefeaxe.  Folk etymology suggests Old English hāliġfeax (literally “holy hair”), as compounded from halig + feax, from a local legend that the town is said to have received the name from the fact that the hair of a murdered virgin was hung up on a tree in the neighborhood, which became a resort of pilgrims. Compare also Fairfax.
- an industrial town in Yorkshire, England, 20km south-east of Leeds.
- the capital city of Nova Scotia, Canada.
- a small town in North Carolina, USA, and the county seat of Halifax County.
- a town in Virginia, USA, and the county seat of Halifax County.
- an earldom in the Peerage of Great Britain.