From Middle English Lombard, Lumbard, from the merger of Old English Longbeard (“Lombard”); and Old French Lombard, Lombart (“a Lombard”), from Late Latin Longobardus, Langobardus (“a Lombard”), derived from the Proto-Germanic elements *langaz + *bardaz; equivalent to long + beard. Some sources derive the second element instead from Proto-Germanic *bardǭ, *barduz (“axe”), related to German Barte (“axe”).
Lombard (plural Lombards)
- A member of a Germanic people who invaded Italy in the 6th century; a Langobard.
- A native or inhabitant of Lombardy.
- (rare) A banker or moneylender.
- (obsolete) A Lombard house.
- a Lombard unto this day signifying a bank for usury or pawns
- (military, historical) A form of cannon.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Prescott to this entry?)
- A Romance language spoken in northern Italy and southern Switzerland, see Wikipedia:Lombard language and Category:Lombard language.
- Of or relating to Lombardy, or the inhabitants of Lombardy.