Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/armaz

Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-GermanicEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂ermos, *h₂ŕ̥mos.

NounEdit

*armaz m[1]

  1. arm
InflectionEdit
masculine a-stemDeclension of *armaz (masculine a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *armaz *armōz, *armōs
vocative *arm *armōz, *armōs
accusative *armą *armanz
genitive *armas, *armis *armǫ̂
dative *armai *armamaz
instrumental *armō *armamiz
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁erm- (poor, ill). Cognate with Hittite 𒅕𒈠𒀭 (erman, sickness). Alternatively[2], from Pre-Germanic *h₃orbʰmos, with loss of -b- before -m-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃erbʰ-, whence English orphan. Compare the Norse variant aumr, as from *arbmaz with no loss of -b-, which mirrors the dissimilation of Old Norse haustr from *harbistaz.

AdjectiveEdit

*armaz[2]

  1. poor, miserable
  2. pitiful, pitiable
InflectionEdit


Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*arma- 1”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 35
  2. 2.0 2.1 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*arma- 2”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 35