Old English

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Alternative forms

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /æ͜ɑrm/, [æ͜ɑrˠm]

Etymology 1

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From Proto-West Germanic *arm, from Proto-Germanic *armaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂er-mos (joint).

Cognate with Old Frisian arm, Old Saxon arm, Dutch arm, Old High German arm (German Arm), Old Norse armr (Swedish arm), Gothic 𐌰𐍂𐌼𐍃 (arms). The Proto-Indo-European root is also the source of Old Church Slavonic рамо (ramo) (Bulgarian ра́мо (rámo, shoulder)), Latin armus.

Noun

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earm m

  1. arm
Declension
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Derived terms
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Descendants
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  • Middle English: arm
    • English: arm
    • Scots: airm
    • Yola: arrm

Etymology 2

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From Proto-Germanic *armaz, further etymology uncertain.

Cognate with Old Frisian erm, Old Saxon arm, Dutch arm, Old High German arm (German arm), Old Norse armr (Danish and Swedish arm), Gothic 𐌰𐍂𐌼𐍃 (arms).

Adjective

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earm

  1. poor, miserable
Declension
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Derived terms
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Descendants
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West Frisian

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West Frisian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fy

Etymology 1

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From Old Frisian erm, from Proto-West Germanic *arm, from Proto-Germanic *armaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ermos, *h₂ŕ̥mos.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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earm c (plural earms or earmen, diminutive earmke)

  1. arm
Derived terms
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Further reading
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  • earm (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Etymology 2

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From Old Frisian *arm, erm, from Proto-West Germanic *arm, from Proto-Germanic *armaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁erm.

Adjective

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earm

  1. poor
Inflection
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Inflection of earm
uninflected earm
inflected earme
comparative earmer
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial earm earmer it earmst
it earmste
indefinite c. sing. earme earmere earmste
n. sing. earm earmer earmste
plural earme earmere earmste
definite earme earmere earmste
partitive earms earmers
Further reading
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  • earm (I)”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011