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See also: Harm

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EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Middle English harm, herm, from Old English hearm (harm; hurt; injury; evil; grief; affliction; pain; injurious speech; calumny; insult), from Proto-Germanic *harmaz (harm; shame; pain), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱormo- (suffering; pain).

Cognate with German Harm (grief; affliction), Swedish harm (resentment; indignation), Icelandic harmur (sorrow; mourning). Related also to Dutch haren (to sharpen a scythe).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

harm (countable and uncountable, plural harms)

  1. physical Injury; hurt; damage
    No harm came to my possessions.
    You can do a lot of harm to someone if you kick them in the balls. Especially if they get revenge and bring out a bazooka and blast your head off.
    No harm came to my possessions.
  2. emotional or figurative hurt
    Although not physically injured in the car accident, she received some psychological harm.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 13, in The Mirror and the Lamp:
      And Vickers launched forth into a tirade very different from his platform utterances. He spoke with extreme contempt of the dense stupidity exhibited on all occasions by the working classes. He said that if you wanted to do anything for them, you must rule them, not pamper them. Soft heartedness caused more harm than good.
  3. detriment; misfortune.
    I wish him no harm.
  4. That which causes injury, damage, or loss.

Usage notesEdit

  • Adjectives often applied to "harm": bodily, physical, environmental, emotional, financial, serious, irreparable, potential, long-term, short-term, permanent, lasting, material, substantial.

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

harm (third-person singular simple present harms, present participle harming, simple past and past participle harmed)

  1. To cause injury to another; to hurt; to cause damage to something.

TranslationsEdit

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


IcelandicEdit

NounEdit

harm

  1. indefinite accusative singular of harmur

IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

harm

  1. h-prothesized form of arm

Old SaxonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *harmaz, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱormo- (suffering, pain). Compare Old Norse harmr, Old English hearm, Modern German Harm, Avestan fšarǝma, Middle Persian šarm, Modern Persian شرم (šarm).

NounEdit

harm m

  1. harm

DescendantsEdit