Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/marþuz

Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-GermanicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Unknown. The original meaning could have been "bride," which could be related to Latin mas (male bride), Lithuanian marti (daughter-in-law), and possibly Crimean Gothic marzu (marriage). For similar semantic development, compare Greek νυφίτσα (nyfítsa, weasel), from a diminutive of νύφη (nýfi, bride); Italian donnola (weasel), from a diminutive of donna (woman); and Spanish comadreja (weasel), from a deprecative diminutive of Spanish comadre (mother of one's godchild).[1][2] Or, possibly of substrate origin.

PronunciationEdit

IPA(key): /ˈmɑr.θuz/

NounEdit

*marþuz m

  1. marten

InflectionEdit

u-stemDeclension of *marþuz (u-stem)
singular plural
nominative *marþuz *marþiwiz
vocative *marþu *marþiwiz
accusative *marþų *marþunz
genitive *marþauz *marþiwǫ̂
dative *marþiwi *marþumaz
instrumental *marþū *marþumiz

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ marten”, in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 5th edition, Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016, →ISBN.
  2. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “marten”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.