From Middle English smith, from Old English smiþ (“handicraftsman, smith, blacksmith, armorer, carpenter, worker in metals or in wood”), from Proto-Germanic *smiþaz (“arranger, smith”), from Proto-Indo-European *smēy-, *smī- (“to cut, hew”). Cognate with Dutch smid, German Schmied, Swedish/Norwegian smed.
smith (plural smiths)
- A craftsperson who works metal into desired forms using a hammer and other tools, sometimes heating the metal to make it more workable, especially a blacksmith.
- (archaic) An artist.
- ironsmith (blacksmith)
- tinsmith (whitesmith)
From Middle English smithen (“To work metal, forge, beat into, torment, refine (of God - to refine his chosen); create, to work as a blacksmith”), from Old English smiþian (“to forge, fabricate”). Compare Dutch smeden, German schmiedene, from Proto-Germanic *smiþōną.
- (2 archaic) William Anderson (1863). The Scottish Nation. A. Fullerton & Co.: Edinburgh. Page 479. Accessed 2008-03-04.