This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Indo-European *-tus.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

*-þuz m

  1. Forms result nouns from verb roots, usually from strong verbs.

Inflection edit

u-stemDeclension of *-þuz (u-stem)
singular plural
nominative *-þuz *-þiwiz
vocative *-þu *-þiwiz
accusative *-þų *-þunz
genitive *-þauz *-þiwǫ̂
dative *-þiwi *-þumaz
instrumental *-þū *-þumiz

Usage notes edit

There are several variant forms based on the final consonant of the stem and the original position of the accent:

  • Ending in a dental: *-suz (with the Germanic spirant law applied)
  • Ending in an obstruent: *-tuz (with the Germanic spirant law applied)
  • Otherwise: *-þuz, *-duz

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

This suffix appears to no longer have been productive in most daughter languages. The following lists outcomes of derived terms.