Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/ǵénh₁os

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From *ǵenh₁- +‎ *-os.

NounEdit

*ǵénh₁os n (oblique stem *ǵénh₁es-)[1][2]

  1. race, lineage

InflectionEdit

Athematic, acrostatic
singular
nominative *ǵénh₁os
genitive *ǵénh₁esos
singular dual plural
nominative *ǵénh₁os *ǵénh₁esih₁ *ǵénh₁ōs
vocative *ǵénh₁os *ǵénh₁esih₁ *ǵénh₁ōs
accusative *ǵénh₁os *ǵénh₁esih₁ *ǵénh₁ōs
genitive *ǵénh₁esos *? *ǵénh₁esoHom
ablative *ǵénh₁esos *? *ǵénh₁esmos
dative *ǵénh₁esey *? *ǵénh₁esmos
locative *ǵénh₁es, *ǵénh₁esi *? *ǵénh₁esu
instrumental *ǵénh₁esh₁ *? *ǵénh₁esbʰi

DescendantsEdit

  • Albanian: [Term?]
  • Armenian:
  • Celtic: *genos (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *génos
  • Indo-Iranian: *ȷ́ánHas (see there for further descendants)
  • Italic: *genos

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ringe, Donald (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic (A Linguistic History of English; 1), Oxford: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill